By Margaret Bayne, OSU Extension Service Staff-retired, OSU Master Gardener

Two people kneeling in a garden plot with hands in soil.
Photo: Oregon State University

The scientific reasons you should resolve to start gardening in 2023.  “Funded by the American Cancer Society, the first-ever, randomized, controlled trial of community gardening found that those who started gardening ate more fiber and got more physical activity—two known ways to reduce risk of cancer and chronic diseases. They also saw their levels of stress and anxiety significantly decrease.” (Lisa Marshall, Coloado.edu/today) https://bit.ly/3IH4dFG

REVISED PUBLICATION: Gardening with Oregon Native Plants West of the Cascades.  Growing a garden in western Oregon is easier when you include native plants. That’s because native plants are adapted to our wet winters and dry summers. Native plants also provide benefits to native pollinators and other wildlife. Learn where to find native plants for your garden, how to care for them and which plants are best for pots and small gardens. This publication also includes an illustrated list of Pacific Northwest native plants that are easy to establish and grow.” (Linda McMahan, Heather Stoven, Erika Szonntag, OSU) https://bit.ly/3QvAB01

Dorsal view of Northern Giant Hornet with wings outstretched.
Northern Giant Hornet,
Oregon Department of Agriculture

REVISED PUBLICATION: Northern Giant Hornet: A Potential Threat to Honeybee Colonies in Oregon.  “The northern giant hornet was detected in British Columbia and Washington in 2019. This publication outlines the identification, life cycle, and predatory habits of the northern giant hornet (Vespa mandarinia) for beekeepers. It also provides recommendations for reporting a suspected sighting in the Pacific Northwest (Ellen Topitzhofer, et al, OSU) https://bit.ly/3GXsEh3

REVISED PUBLICATION: Growing Your OWN.  “Growing Your Own is now available as a bilingual publication in Spanish and English! It provides basic advice on a wide range of gardening topics, including composting, container gardens, fall/winter gardens, fertilizing, insect pests, plant diseases, planting guidelines, raised beds, site selection, slugs, soil improvement, tilling, warm-season crops, watering, and weeds. Includes regional tips for various parts of Oregon.” (Gail Langellotto, OSU) https://bit.ly/3XnbnDd

Vaccine protects honeybees. The U.S. Department of Agriculture has approved a conditional license for a vaccine that protects honeybees against American Foulbrood disease. (Simrin Singh, CBSnews.com) https://cbsn.ws/3IIuBzg

Companion plants, they are not what you think!  Companion plants! Great, what a good idea. When you first hear the term and think about the concept it sounds great, but there is a lot to not to like about it. The term “companion plants” implies that these plants are partners and they “enjoy” each other’s company.  The term is an anthropomorphism or overlaying human qualities on non-human organisms.  A more appropriate term may be plant associates or plant associations, a term taken from plant ecology which more basis for its use.” (Jim Downer, Gardenprofessors.com) https://bit.ly/3GVJoVY

Goodbye to 2022 and hello, 2023!  A review of “…the weather and climate of the past year, both the average conditions and some of the extremes we saw.” (Pam Knox, Gardenprofessors.com) https://bit.ly/3CG6Sf4

Pest Profile: Spotted Lanternfly. Be on the lookout! The Spotted Lanternfly (SLF), Lycorma delicatula, is a 1-inch long planthopper native to China, and has since spread to Japan, South Korea, and the United States.” (Abi Saeed, Gardenprofessors.com) https://bit.ly/3CG751Q

So you think you want a home greenhouse, do you?  “… home greenhouses have been a “thing” for a long, long while – from well-to-do folks with conservatories on their estates to the more common and basic home greenhouse in the last few decades.  But shifting interests, and more/cheaper options have made home greenhouses more accessible to the masses.” (John Porter, Gardenprofessors.com) https://bit.ly/3ircDGN

Field of sunflowers in bloom.
Photo: Harry Olson

Sunflowers Linked to Reduced Varroa Mite Infestations in Honeybees.  “A new study indicates a benefit to honeybees of local sunflower cropland.  Even low levels of sunflower acreage nearby correlate with reduced Varroa mite infestation in managed colonies, researchers found, and supplemental sunflower pollen helps ward off the mites as well.” (Paige Embry, Entomologytoday.org) https://bit.ly/3ipVLQM

HIRING AN ARBORIST– MGs sometimes can’t identify a tree problem via a phone call or email.  Our diagnostic skills are limited in that we can’t go to the site to see the tree in person.  Photos and the plant’s history can provide a wealth of information, but sometimes seeing the tree on site may be necessary to give a correct diagnosis.  In such cases, clients should be advised to hire a Certified Arborist.

Here are a few suggestions on hiring a ‘Certified Arborist’:

  • As representatives of OSU, Master Gardeners don’t endorse a specific business or
    product.
  • Many commercial companies employ Certified Arborists–This means that they have passed tests recommended for their industry and have taken part in continuing education to further their knowledge.
  • Suggest client search on the internet, ‘Tree’ or ‘Trees’ or ‘Tree Service’ in their area.
  • Then look for statement or logo stating Certified Arborist.
  • Some companies may charge a fee for an on-site inspection.
  • Check to see if licensed and bonded.
  • Encourage client to get at least 3 estimates before selecting a company to do any work. 
  • The International Society of Arboriculture certifies arborists and has list of their certified arborists (more info below.)

Clients can be referred to ISA (International Society of Arboriculture) for information on Certified Arborists: “ISA exists so that professionals, allied professionals, public officials, and consumers worldwide recognize the economic, environmental, and societal benefits and values of trees and their care at a cost that demonstrates the wise stewardship of resources.”   Go to: https://www.isa-arbor.com/ (click on the link ‘Find an Arborist’). 

This takes you to the site: ‘Trees Are Good’ ( https://www.treesaregood.org/ ). “The International Society of Arboriculture manages ‘Treesaregood.org’ …an educational website that provides the public with quality tree care information…helps increase awareness of the benefits of trees and provides homeowners and other tree owners with access to resources to help sustain trees in an urban environment. Examples of a few resources you’ll find on TreesAreGood.org include:

 

By Margaret Bayne, OSU Extension Service Staff-retired, OSU Master Gardener

Pile of hazelnuts.
Hazelnuts. Photo: Oregon State University

Listen to the article: Hazelnut Industry’s partnership with OSU Foundation Produces Long-term Benefits.(Capitalpress.com) https://bit.ly/3Q01MyH

Water Woes. (Jim Downer, gardenprofessors.com) https://bit.ly/3cKdK0M

Saving Your Trees from Drought! (Jim Downer, Gardenprofessors.com) https://bit.ly/3zh9WMq

Less than 1% of Mosquito species spread human disease. (Entomologytoday.org) https://bit.ly/3OxFxPf

FYI Orchid aficionados:  Federally threatened Orchid found in Vermont. (Vermont Fish & Wildlife)https://bit.ly/3BlUgKi

How Stressed-out plants produce their own aspirin. (Jules Berstein, U of CA Riverside) https://bit.ly/3PYLMgo

Watch the video: Fungus That Makes Male Flies Mate with Infected Corpses Somehow Worse Than We Thought. (James Felton, iflscience.com) https://bit.ly/3vedcqs

Barf! An ode to the fascinating life of slime mold. (John Porter, Gardenprofessors.com) https://bit.ly/3J5HH7T

Artificial photosynthesis can produce food without sunshine.Scientists are developing artificial photosynthesis to help make food production more energy-efficient here on Earth, and one day possibly on Mars.” (Holly Ober, U of CA Riverside) https://bit.ly/3S4HtSf

Red tomato hanging from vine
Tomatoes. Photo: Chris Branam, Oregon State University

Vegetables: Disease resource color photo guide.  PDF’s of various diseases with great color photos of Crucifers, Cucurbits, Onions, Peppers and Eggplant, and tomatoes.  It is a commercial diagnostic site: any chemical controls must come from OSU recommendations. (Bayer.com) https://bit.ly/3J6jRZF

By Margaret Bayne, OSU Extension Service Staff-retired, OSU Master Gardener

Are we going to see another “Heat Dome” this year? 
Hope not!…but be prepared!  Check out the resources below.

Brown leaves on a plant due to injury caused by a heatwave.
2021 Heatwave Damage – Kym Pokorny, Oregon State University

***Great Publication/book to add to your library: Abiotic Disorders of Landscape Plants; A Diagnostic Guide, Publication #3420, (University of California ANR) ISBN 1-879906-58-9.  Learn the difference between sunburn injury, sunscald injury, thermal/high temperature injury and high light injury.

Brown crinkled leaves of a blackberry plant and discolored, withered blackberries, all damage due to heatwave.
2021 Heatwave damage on blackberries
Bernadine Strik, Oregon State University

What Can We Learn from the ‘Pacific Northwest Heat Dome’ of 2021? (Nicole Bell, WSU) https://bit.ly/3MklELi

June 2021 heat impacts on trees explained. (Glen Ahrens, OSU) https://bit.ly/3sFx9oJ

What is a ‘heat dome’. (NOAA) https://bit.ly/3sFIhlx

How to care for heat-damaged plants. (Heather Stoven, OSU via Kym Pokorny, OSU) https://bit.ly/3PrUzrJ

Tips for gardening in extreme heat. (Erica Chernoh, OSU via Kym Pokorny, OSU) https://bit.ly/3Lh4TPP

Heat wave in the garden: how to identify and prevent heat stress in plants. (Nicole Sanchez, OSU) https://bit.ly/38yerZx

Environmental injury: Sunscald and Sunburn on Trees https://bit.ly/3wiAtbz

Rhododendron -Sunburn. PNW Disease Handbook https://bit.ly/3yEdwkX

Rhododendron -Leaf Scorch. PNW Disease Handbook https://bit.ly/38C6yCa

Brown leaf scorch on leaves of Rhododendron plant.
Leaf scorch on Rhododendron
Jay Pscheidt, Oregon State University

The Myth of Hot-Weather Watering “Watering plants on a hot sunny day will scorch their leaves”, (Dr. Linda Chalker-Scott, WSU) https://bit.ly/3wjNp0V

And/or search online:

1. Add “site:edu” to the search word or phrase, but omit the quotes.

2. If you search for sunburn, try “sunburn +plants site:edu” (omit the quote marks).  (Doing so will help limit the number of references to sunburned people!)

By Margaret Bayne, OSU Extension Service Staff-retired, OSU Master Gardener

Mycorrhizae! Myco-what?? (Jim Downer, Gardenprofessors.com) https://bit.ly/36h3XfU

Measuring the weather in your garden. (Linda Chalker-Scott, Gardenprofessors.com)https://bit.ly/3KSxWtF


Japanese Beetle information:

Illustration of Japanese Beetle with a red circle and a slash over the illustration.
Image: Oregon Department of Agriculture

Japanese Beetle Eradication project (Oregon Department of Agriculture)- Maps, look-a- likes, response plan, pesticide info, etc. https://bit.ly/3KPmqzk

Japanese Beetle PDX website: https://bit.ly/3rtu22N

Effective Management Remains Elusive for Beetle That Eats Almost Anything. (David Coyle, Entomologytoday.org) https://bit.ly/3OePjHd


Popup yard sprinklers spraying water on grass with ornamental flowers in the back ground.
Photo: Lynn Ketchum, Oregon State University

Publications and videos of ‘Gardening Lawn, and Landscape’ resources from OSU. https://bit.ly/3M7s3Jf

Peer Reviewed, free download publications from WSU:

Manage Water by Adjusting Lawn Sprinkler Run Time: Instructions for the Columbia Basin of Washington State. (Andrew McGuire, WSU) https://bit.ly/3OfW1fX

Growing Rhubarb in Home Gardens. (Linda Chalker-Scott, WSU https://bit.ly/3EleOSt

Environmental Injury: Sunscald and Sunburn on Trees. (Marianne Ophardt & Rita Hummel, WSU) https://bit.ly/3xtxxtV

Winter Burn on Evergreens. (Marianne Ophardt & Rita Hummel, WSU) https://bit.ly/3vjv8PD

Protecting Water Resources: Planting and Caring for Home Wetlands and Other Riparian Areas. (Linda Chalker-Scott, WSU) https://bit.ly/3xvukd7

The Efficacy and Environmental Consequences of Kelp-Based Garden Products. (Linda Chalker-Scott, WSU) https://bit.ly/3vh3lzo

By Margaret Bayne, OSU Extension Service Staff-retired, OSU Master Gardener

Western bumble bee on yellow flower
Western Bumblebee Photo: Stephen Ausmus, Agriculture Research Service, USDA

The ABCs of plants for Bees! (Abi Saeed, Gardenprofessors.com) https://bit.ly/3tiYmyx

Surfing the “green wave.”  Is it spring yet where you are? How can you tell? (Pam Knox, Gardenprofessors.org) https://bit.ly/3wbT9dy

An Introduction to growing under lights. (By Miri Talabac, UMD) https://bit.ly/3qaAnzo


VIDEOS from NPIC (National Pesticide Information Center, OSU)

Bacillus thuringiensis:   https://bit.ly/3Ji4EDT

Spinosad:  https://bit.ly/3CW6mIY

What does it mean when food is organic?:  https://bit.ly/3ivh2oB


Dorsal view of Giant Asian Hornet
Giant Asian Hornet, Oregon Department of Agriculture

How to make irresistible traps for Asian giant hornets using sex.  “Traps placed near nests in China attracted thousands of males.” (Erin Garcia de Jesús, Sciencenews.org) https://bit.ly/3MYPndF


Insects on a Plane: How Eusocial Ants, Bees, and Wasps Deal With Viruses. (Melissa Mayer, entomologytoday.org) https://bit.ly/3Jhfhqt


Mosquito on skin.
Mosquito, National Pesticide Information Center, OSU

Mosquitoes may be attracted to certain colours. (Cassandra Edmunds, theconversation.com) https://bit.ly/3wdbaIo

Hidden Diversity: When One Wasp Species is Actually 16. (Entomology today) https://bit.ly/3th6teR

By Margaret Bayne, OSU Extension Service Staff-retired, OSU Master Gardener

A Note from Margaret:  Please considering joining us for our twice-monthly Zoom meetings; the first and third Mondays, from 1-3 pm!

Tri-county Master Gardener STUDY GROUP

  • The MG Study Group is a self-organizing collection of seasoned and new MGs (and everything in between) who love to learn!
  • We serve all three counties via our Zoom meetings: Clackamas, Multnomah & Washington.
  • We meet twice a month to develop our skills in identifying and understanding insects, spiders, and plant diseases and disorders, etc.
  • Meetings are based on group participation.
  • All interested OSU MGs and interns are welcome. (We are not open to the general public)
  • Attendance is not required; join us when we can!
  • On first Mondays we generally conduct an informal show-and-tell session, where MGs share samples of insects, spiders, plants for identification and/or diagnosis by the group. This is a great deal of fun and no advance work is required except for collecting a sample. (If you don’t have a sample-no problem! Join us anyway).
  • The third Monday is a more formal session based on a Study Guide you receive about a week ahead.  Study Guides are developed voluntarily by attendees about subjects that are of interest to them and to share with the group.  Upcoming Study Guide session topics for 2022Bullies in the Garden-Invasive and Overly Enthusiastic Plants, Summer Heat Woes, Downy Mildew, Pruning, Blackberries, Best Garden Practices, and a Group Diagnostic practice.
Moss in lawn. Brain McDonald, OSU

VIDEO:  Managing Moss in Lawns. (Alex Kowalewski, OSU via youtube) https://bit.ly/3HVDhij

PUBLICATION: Managing Moss in Lawns in Western Oregon. (Brooke Edmunds, Alec Kowalewski, OSU) (View or download a pdf.) https://bit.ly/3LOd2Np

Practical Lawn Care for Western Oregon. (Doug Vonderberg, Alec Kowalewski, OSU) https://bit.ly/34Kd202

Great information about dogs and lawns: Dog Spots! No, not dalmatians but dead spots in the lawn. With the low rainfall and lack of irrigation pet owners may be seeing dog injury to their lawns. Urine damage can be mistaken for symptoms of several patch-type diseases. Samples of the dead grass placed in a plastic bag will release ammonia, which can be detected by smell. Other chemical injury such as fertilizer spills or salt spills can cause similar symptoms but do not release an ammonia odor. Female dogs are usually more damaging as they urinate on the ground, in the same spot and tend to empty their bladders more completely than males. And FYI, yes, this is research-based info!” (PNW Plant Disease Management on Facebook) More information: https://bit.ly/3GZbTPq

Spruce cones could scrub carbon emissions as effectively as costly chemicals.  A new material to capture carbon dioxide comes from a surprising green source: spruce cones.” (Prachi Patel, Anthropocenemagazine.org) https://bit.ly/33t3ciA

The world’s most unwanted plants help trees make more fruit. (Angela Nicoletti, Florida International University https://bit.ly/3gM38gL

Big leaf maple trees. Patrick Breen, OSU

Video & article: First-of-its-kind estimate of the total number of tree species. (Purdue University) https://bit.ly/3uTfU5u

The Gardens of Chernobyl 30 years after the disaster. (Jim Downer, gardenprofessors.com) https://bit.ly/3oRBPGj

Unearthly Plant Photos by Tom Leighton Highlight Nighttime Chemical Processes. (Anna Marks, thisiscolossal.com) https://bit.ly/365cMsH

Western Monarch Butterfly. Lynn Ketchum. OSU

Western monarch populations grew over 100-fold in 2021. Why?  The beloved butterflies had fallen to critical levels in recent years. Experts weigh in on what might be causing their remarkable return.” (Alissa Greenberg.pbs.org) https://to.pbs.org/3GMJdc1

More on this topic: How Little We Know About Monarchs… (Kathy Keatley Garvey, University of California) https://bit.ly/354AIMA

Discovery of ancient plant fossils in Washington points to paleobotanic mystery. (University of Kansas) https://bit.ly/3gMccSH

Just for fun!  Idaho Potato Commission Releases French Fry Scented Perfume. (newson6.com) https://bit.ly/36m2vsx

By Margaret Bayne, OSU Extension Service Staff-retired, OSU Master Gardener

Critters digging up your lawn and garden?  Here are some resources on voles, moles and gophers:

Pruning saw (upper left), a long‑handled pruning shears (center), and hand shears (bottom).
Pruning tools – OSU

Moles, voles and gophers dig the garden. (Dana Sanchez, OSU) https://bit.ly/33iM2Uu

Meadow Voles and Pocket Gophers: Management in Lawns, Gardens, and Croplands. (Gunn et al,
OSU) https://bit.ly/3zZYi8r

People and Plants-“…a look at the German botanist Adam Lonicer.” (Sylvia Thompson-Hacker, Gardenprofessors.com) https://bit.ly/3fiQs0k

VIDEO: Pruning Fruit Trees. (OSU Clackamas County MG, Clackamas County TV via Youtube) https://bit.ly/33wpEXt

In a New Study, Spring Forest Bees Get Their Due. (Leslie Mertz, Ph.D, Entomologytoday.org) https://bit.ly/3Grheil

Back-Seat Driver: The Parasite That Makes Bees Drop Off Its Babies. (Page Embry, Entomologytoday) https://bit.ly/3nky37w

Do Pollinators Prefer Dense Flower Patches? Sometimes Yes, Sometimes No. (Andrew Porterfield, Entomologytoday.org) https://bit.ly/3GDxDkx

Moss in lawn – OSU

VIDEO: Managing Moss in Lawns. (Alec Kowalewski, OSU) https://bit.ly/3I4mrO5

Where Giant Honey Bees Rest Their Wings During Annual Migration. (Ed Ricciuti, Entomologytoday.org) https://bit.ly/3GqcZ75

This Insect Has The Only Mechanical Gears Ever Found in Nature.  “The small hopping insect Issus coleoptratus uses toothed gears on its joints to precisely synchronize the kicks of its hind legs as it jumps forward.” (Joseph Stromberg, smithsonianmag.com) https://bit.ly/3qvaSJX

VIDEO: Watch roots from different plants compete for prime real estate underground.  Mathematical modeling and greenhouse studies show complex interactions keep roots productive. (Elizabeth Pennisi, Science.org) https://bit.ly/3GmNK5C

By Margaret Bayne, OSU Extension Service Staff-retired, OSU Master Gardener

Floribunda Rose ‘Mardi Gras, Oregon State University

Plant lists that shouldn’t exist. (Linda Chalker-Scott, WSU; gardenprofessors.com)
https://bit.ly/3oM7NEo

The contrarian rosarian–debunking rose mythology. (Jim Downer, U of CA; gardenprofessors.com)
https://bit.ly/3dH9KLI

Why insects are more sensitive than they seem. (Zaria Gorvett, BBC)
https://bbc.in/3oKm3xe

NEW PUBLICATION: A PNWBBA Guide to Habitat Management for Bumble Bees in the Pacific Northwest. (Downloadable PDF) (Rich Hatfield, Kurt Merg, and Joel Sauder, Xerces Society)
https://bit.ly/3GE2OeL

NEW PUBLICATION: The Pacific Northwest Bumble Bee Atlas: Summary and Species Accounts-A collaboration between the Xerces Society, Idaho Department of Fish and Game, and Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife. (Downloadable PDF) (Rich Hatfield, Leona Svancara, Leif Richardson, Joel Sauder, and Ann Potter; Xerces Society)
https://bit.ly/3GE7FNo

Honey bee in flight in front of honeycomb.
Honey bee. Photo: Lynn Ketchum © Oregon State University

Genetic Analysis Reveals the Origins of the World’s Most Common Honeybee Species.  “The western honeybee hailed from western Asia seven million years ago, ending the contentious debate over where these buzzy critters originated.” (Rasha Aridi, Smithsonianmag.com)
https://bit.ly/3IRPYMa

Myth Busting for Extension Educators: Reviewing the Literature on Pruning Woody Plants.
(Linda Chalker-Scott, WSU & Jim Downer, U of CA; Journal of the NACAA)
https://bit.ly/3q6R3XZ

Prevalence of Different Horticultural Taxa of Ivy (Hedera spp., Araliaceae) in Invading Populations. “‘English’ ivy (Hedera spp.) is a complex of invasive plant pests that are separated into several distinct taxa. To better understand the invasion by ivy of Pacific Northwest native forests, we investigated the taxonomic identity of 58 selected invasive populations in the Pacific Northwest.” (Midori M. Clarke, Sarah Reichard, Clement W. Hamilton; via researchgate.net)
https://bit.ly/3rVtpjB

Dorsal view (above) Giant Hornet, with wings spread
Giant Hornet – Oregon Department of Agriculture

Symptoms and Signs for Plant Problem Diagnosis – An Illustrated Glossary.  A great resource for diagnosticians! (Janna Beckerman and Tom Creswell, Department of Botany and Plant Pathology, Purdue University)
https://bit.ly/3ygsrPU

“Your Christmas tree may be adorned with lights and glitter. But 25,000 insects, mites, and spiders are sound asleep inside the tree.” (University of Bergen via Sciencedaily.com)
https://bit.ly/3dHMQnx

Why Giant Hornets Rub Their Abdomens on Beehives Before Attack. (Paige Embry, Entomologytoday.com)
https://bit.ly/3rTWqw5

VIDEOS:

Basics of Tree Identification-Twigs (Mo_Plant_Daddy_ via Youtube.com)
https://bit.ly/3oNyQzc

Basics of Tree Identifcaiton-Leaves (Mo_Plant_Daddy via Youtube.com)
https://bit.ly/3GyW9Th

Binomial Nomenclature: sp. vs. spp. (Mo_Plant_ Daddy via Youtube.com)
https://bit.ly/3IJHnuC

By Margaret Bayne, OSU Extension Service Staff-retired, OSU Master Gardener

Hemlock trees
Western hemlock trees – OSU

Pruning Established Trees. (Jim Downer, Gardenprofessors.com)
https://bit.ly/30nJQcS

The Northeast’s Hemlock Trees face extinction.  A tiny fly could save them. (Zoya Teirstein, Grist.org)
https://bit.ly/31RGeAs

Back-Seat Driver: The Parasite That Makes Bees Drop Off Its Babies. (Paige Embry, Entomologytoday.org)
https://bit.ly/3qsBsn1

VIDEO: Born Pregnant: Aphids Invade with an Onslaught of Clones. (PBS.org)
https://to.pbs.org/3qrl7zh

Honey bee flying in front of honeycomb
Honey bee – OSU

Are the honeybees raised in urban environments beneficial or detrimental?  As a native species.
(Jeanine Farley, Cabridgeday.com) https://bit.ly/30mOiZr

MORE ABOUT BEES…The Truth About Honey Bees.  “Raising nonnatives does not “save the bees”—and may harm them.” (Laura Tangley, nwf.org) https://bit.ly/3n4rPZW

Garden Logic – understanding correlation and causation in our gardens and landscapes (Linda Chalker-Scott, WSU) https://bit.ly/2YAAsC1

Prion-like protein acts as water sensor in seeds. (Jyoti Madhusoodanan, PNAS .org)
https://bit.ly/3wBUwQM

Pitcher Plant Moths and their Pitcher Plant Homes. (Indefenseofplants.com)
https://bit.ly/3n0KntY

Jumping spider
Jumping Spider

Spiders on Tiny Treadmills Give Scientists the Side-Eye.  “Jumping spiders see more in their periphery than previously known.” (Maddie Bender, scientificanamerican.com)
https://bit.ly/3qnFi0V

MORE ON SPIDERS…Spiders are much smarter than you think.  Cognition researchers are discovering surprising capabilities among a group of itsy-bitsy arachnids.” (Betsy Mason, knowablemagazine.org)
https://bit.ly/31VfPBX

Beetle Proves It’s Possible To Survive Millions Of Years Without Having Sex. (Rachael Funnell, Iflscience.com)
https://bit.ly/3oAp4z9