By Margaret Bayne, OSU Extension Service Staff-retired, OSU Master

Revised publication: How to Control Slugs in Your Garden.  Practical tips on how to deal with slugs in your garden, given in both English and Spanish. (EM 9155-Neil Bell, Amy J. Dreves, OSU) https://bit.ly/3t32tfr

“Can we just quit with the vinegar-epsom salts weed-killer nonsense?  It doesn’t matter how safe it sounds if it doesn’t work.”n(Ohio State University Extension) https://bit.ly/3dbXuUp

Soil bacteria could improve crop yields, via fungi (Michael J. Hass, Cornell University) https://bit.ly/3uFaTtN

Rose leaves with viruses. Leaves are speckled with pale yellow spots.
Rose virus. Photo: Jay Pscheidt, OSU

NEW SECTION IN THE PNW HANDBOOK: Plant Viruses: Dead or Alive? (Jay Pschdeidt, OSU) https://bit.ly/2PKMnsF

Dirty Dozen? Not so fast… Each year, the Environmental Working Group (EWG) issues a list of foods – the so-called ‘Dirty Dozen’ – which it considers to have the highest pesticide residues.  (Cornell University) https://bit.ly/3tc7qCH

This robot uses AI to pollinate greenhouse tomatoes. (Agrotectire.com) https://bit.ly/3mCGBVZ

Handful of soil.
Soil. Photo: OSU

My soil is crap. Or is it? (Jim Downer, Garden Professors.com) https://bit.ly/3g1MYk3

Bizarre ‘worm tornado’ in New Jersey has scientists baffled. (Mindy Weisberger, livescience.com) https://bit.ly/3wOksJ0

The AAS (All-America Selections) judges pick their favorite plants. (All-America selections.org_ https://bit.ly/3g6xb3P

To mulch or not to mulch? It shouldn’t even be a question. (Linda Chalker-Scott, WSU) https://bit.ly/3t7r0A9

Understanding mysteries of plant diseases: Diagnosis and Detection (Part 2 of 3 in this blog series)- Something is wrong? (Jim Dower, Garden Professors.com) https://bit.ly/3t7TucX

Strawberry plant with ripe strawberries.
Strawberries. Photo: Bernadine Strik, OSU

Watch the Video! -The Uncommon Berry Patch.  A presentation that covers some less-commonly grown berries for the home garden as well as some native fruits found in western Oregon. (Neil Bell, Dr. Bernadine Strik, OSU) https://bit.ly/3fZCNwH

By Margaret Bayne, OSU Extension Service Staff-retired, OSU Master

Asian giant hornet being held between a thumb and forefinger.
Asian giant hornet. Photo: Washington Department of Agriculture

Beneficial wasp found in Asian giant hornet hunt. (Calvin Bratt, Lynden Tribune) https://bit.ly/3vpTUNj

WATCH!- A Zoom presentation with Dr. Linda Chalker-Scott on Arboricultural Myths. (State of Missouri) https://bit.ly/2OTp4fe

New Study Illuminates Dung Beetles’ Attraction to Death. (By Ed Ricciuti, Entomology Today) https://bit.ly/38JXQ1H

The Dirt on Rock Dust. (Dr. Linda Chalker-Scott, Garden Professors blog) https://bit.ly/38HAgTs

VIDEO: Introduction to Lichen: Growth Forms, Reproduction, and Value. (Microcosmic via youtube) https://bit.ly/3rQU5iy

Silencing the alarm- An enzyme in the saliva of certain insects prevents their food plants from warning neighboring plants of an attack. (Sara LaJeunesse Penn State News) https://bit.ly/3vsN0H5

Why seasonal climate forecasts aren’t always accurate. (Pam Knox, The Garden Professors) https://bit.ly/2ODGAEp

Paleontologists discover new insect group after solving 150-year-old mystery. (Simon Fraser University, Phys.org) https://bit.ly/3qW9g92

VIDEO:  Bypass vs. anvil pruners. (Oklahoma Gardening via Youtube) https://bit.ly/2OQKCZX

Cambridge moonflower: Wait over for ‘UK’s first’ bloom. (BBC) https://bbc.in/2OU5nUL

Monarch butterfly.
Monarch butterfly. Photo: Oregon State University

Monarch Winter 2020–21 Population Numbers Released. (Susan Day, University of Wisconsin-Madison Arboretum) https://bit.ly/38DxlLp

WATCH: I Cannot Tell a Lie But Cherry Trees Do Die. (Jay Pschdeit, OSU via Youtube) https://bit.ly/3eHVkNa

Scientists discover attacking fungi that show promise against emerald ash borer. (University of Minnesota, via Phys Org) https://bit.ly/3eHSuYs

Compost in Seed Starting Mix: Recipe for Success…. or Failure? (John Porter, The Garden Professors) https://bit.ly/30OE1C5

To Fruit or Not to Fruit – The Story of Mast Seeding (Awkward Botany) https://bit.ly/38IiKhw

January warm spells, March freezes: How plants manage the shift from winter to spring (Richard B. Primack, Boston University via The Conversation) https://bit.ly/3qRilQn

Red rose bloom.
R

The contrarian rosarian–debunking rose mythology. (Jim Downer, The Garden Professors) https://bit.ly/3bRhJ9c

Catnip repels insects. Scientists may have finally found out how.  The plant triggers a receptor that, in other animals, senses pain and itch. (Erin Garcia de Jesus, Science News) https://bit.ly/3eHMI9p

Cold Comfort  (How Bees survive cold temperatures) (Jon Zawislak, U of Arkansas Extension) https://bit.ly/3cxQwYe

Parasitic plants conspire to keep hosts alive-Mistletoe sends treemail.(Jules Berstein, UC Riverside) https://bit.ly/3tkstCM

By Margaret Bayne, OSU Extension Service Staff-retired, OSU Master

Doug fir beetle
Doug fir beetle. Photo: LSU Agriculture Center

Pheromone treatment puts up the “No Vacancy” sign for Douglas-Fir Beetles. (Darrell Ross, quantamagazine.org) https://bit.ly/3qkDcft

Amazing root drawings! (Wageningen University-Image Collection) https://bit.ly/37azCwK

Watch the video:  Scientists are discovering new species in the ancient canopies of Canada’s tallest trees.  “On BC’s coast, giant trees have been fed by rain for over 700 years and are home to an incredible micro-world.” (Wild Canadian Weather, cbc.ca) https://bit.ly/3daaiLa

Rhododendrons as thermometers. Did you know that some rhododendrons can act as a living thermometer, showing you just how cold it is by the curl of their leaves?” (Melissa Reckner, Brandywine.org https://bit.ly/377m4lN

The Mystery of Mistletoe’s Missing Genes.  Mistletoes have all but shut down the powerhouses of their cells. Scientists are still trying to understand the plants’ unorthodox survival strategy.” (Christie Wilcox, quantamagazine.org) https://bit.ly/3b4FtEV

Microscopic wrinkles in leaves ward off insects.  “Researchers identify a new insect-defense mechanism.” (Monique Brouillette, Scientificamerican.com) https://bit.ly/3rQIwHB

Beepocalypse myth handbook: Assessing claims of pollinator collapse. (Jon Entine, geneticliteracyproject.org) https://bit.ly/3tgmf6Y

7 vegetable seed packets, fanned out on wood table.
Seed packets. Photo: OSU

Learn the terms on seed packets to make the right selection. (Kym Pokorny, OSU; via Nichole Sanchez, OSU) https://bit.ly/2NtLPG4

Houseplant Hubub: The rage about variegation. (John Porter, gardenprofessors.com) https://bit.ly/3d88nXy

Gardening with Native Plants book inspires perennial passions (Linda Chalker-Scott). (WSU) https://bit.ly/3qklMzA

Insects in flight-11 incredible species in SLOW MOTION-Watch!  “Takeoff and flight sequences of insects spanning 5 different taxonomic orders captured at 3,200 fps!” (Ant Lab, via Youtube) https://bit.ly/3ag5p1a

The bumble bees of the Oregon Bee Atlas.  Watch the video! (Lincoln Best, via Youtube) https://bit.ly/3b4FZml

Stickiness is a weapon some plants use to fend off hungry insects. (Eric Lopresti, the conversation.com) https://bit.ly/3ai3QA7

Natural wonder: Wing ‘clap’ solves mystery of butterfly flight. (Matt McGrath, BBC.com) https://bbc.in/2ZfDCI4

Extension foresters note trend in redwood plantings, plan needs assessment. (Alicia Christiansen, OSU Extension) https://bit.ly/2LNgOfA

Adult spotted lanternfly, sitting on a thumb
Adult spotted lanternfly. Photo: University of Maryland

Five things to know about: Spotted Lanternfly – Oregon IPM Center.  See the video. (Christ Hedstrom, OSU via Youtube) https://bit.ly/3pimdcj

By Margaret Bayne, OSU Extension Service Staff-retired, OSU Master

Caterpillars mimic leaves or offer rewards for protection by ants.  “Study reveals different forms of interaction between insect groups: some caterpillar species have bodies covered with molecules identical to those of the plants they inhabit and are ‘invisible’ to ants.” (Eurekaalert.org) https://bit.ly/3nBvhbt

Clod of soil
Clod of soil. Photo: Rachel Werling

Soil: The dirty secrets of a living landscape. (Gordon Jones, Scott Goode, OSU; EM 9304) https://bit.ly/3sjpY46

What food and gardens trends are predicted for 2021? (Samantha Murray, US/IFAS) https://bit.ly/3brKIR2

Move over murder hornets:  There’s a new bug in town- at it’s coming for your lawn. (Sandi Doughton, Seattle Times) https://bit.ly/38weEcN

Catching hope: Possible ally in fight against harmful fruit fly discovered in Asian giant hornet trap (Karla Salp,WSDA) https://bit.ly/3nAmpmf

Extremely rare, one-of-a-kind flower found in Maui’s rugged mountains. (Mark Price, Sacramento Bee) https://bit.ly/2XuP1D5

This drone sniffs out odors with a real moth antenna. “Researchers slap a living antenna on a drone to give the machine an insanely keen sense of smell. Ladies and gentlemen, meet the ‘Smellicopter.’” (Matt Simon, Wired) https://bit.ly/2MYqXqd

Trips on salal leaves
Trips on salal. Photo: Jay Pscheidt, OSU

Thrips on Salal.  The following is OSU Plant Pathologist Jay Pscheidt’s response to a client regarding damage on Salal: “We have heard about this in the south west part of the state near the coast. The cause is not azalea lace bug (although the damage is surprisingly similar) but the greenhouse thrips, Heliothrips haemorrhoidalis. As the common name suggests, this pest is predominantly associated with greenhouses in temperate climates as it is supposedly not cold hardy. It can be a significant pest in warmer climates, such as California in the avocado areas and in Florida. It predominantly attacks shrubs or trees. We’ve seen it in greenhouses for years but found it in outside samples from Hoyt Arboretum several years ago. Many years ago, it was causing substantial landscape damage in the Seattle area to viburnum and salal among other shrubs.” (Jay Pscheidt Facebook 1-4-21) PNW Disease Management Handbook: https://bit.ly/39lRc17

Meet the World’s Least-Charismatic Orchid. “This newly described species has been dubbed “the ugliest.” (Jessica Leigh Hester, Atlas Obscura) https://bit.ly/3i5Odhl

WSU Extension publications has a wealth of peer reviewed gardening information.  Check out a sampling:

Do Black Walnut Trees Have Allelopathic Effects on Other Plants? (Home Garden Series) (Dr. Linda Chalker-Scott, WSU) https://bit.ly/3sgGvWs

Epsom Salt Use in Home Gardens and Landscapes. (Dr. Linda Chalker- Scott, Rich Guggenheim, WSU)https://bit.ly/3nBbJE6

Gypsum Use in Home Gardens and Landscapes. (Dr. Linda-Chalker-Scott, Rich Guggenheim WSU https://bit.ly/3sfk6bM

Home Pruning: Reasons to Prune Trees and Shrubs (Home Gardening Series.) Tim Kohlhauff, WSU; et al. https://bit.ly/38zmlPu

Hugelkultur: What is it, and should it be used in home gardens?  “Hügelkultur is an increasingly popular way of using organic material to create mounded home gardens and landscapes.” (Dr. Linda Chalker-Scott, WSU) https://bit.ly/35yoWXZ

Convergens lady beetle
Convergens lady beetle. Photo: OSU



Lady Beetles: Should We Buy Them For Our Gardens? (Home Garden Series.)  “Lady beetles are a popular biocontrol method for aphids in home gardens and landscapes. Many gardeners purchase these insects at nurseries, garden centers, and online.” (Dr. Linda Chalker-Scott, Michael R. Bush, WSU) https://bit.ly/2XyQQyN

Vegetables: Growing Peppers in Home Gardens (Home Garden Series.)   “Looking for a way to spice up your home garden? There are few vegetables more colorful or easier to grow than peppers.” (Michael R. Bush, WSU; et al) https://bit.ly/3ovJ4Bz

By Margaret Bayne, OSU Extension Service Staff-retired, OSU Master Gardener

Open hands with palms holding corn gluten meal.
Corn Gluten Meal. Photo: University of Connecticut

Cornmeal magic – the myth that will not die.  Learn the facts! (Dr. Linda Chalker-Scott, WSU) https://bit.ly/37cOJX4

The complicated issue of heavy metals in residential soils, part 2: How plant species and environmental variables complicate the issue. (Dr. Linda Chalker-Scott, gardenprofessors.com) https://bit.ly/2K4vHsZ

Soil Myth Busting for Extension Educators: Reviewing the Literature on Soil Nutrition. (Dr. Linda-Chalker Scott, WSY ; A.J. Downer, U of CA via NACAA.com) https://bit.ly/3mf2RmV

Reviewing the literature on tree planting- Landscape Trees. (Dr. Linda Chalker-Scott, WSU & A. J. Downer, U of CA; via NACAA.com) https://bit.ly/3mblJmB

Soil Myth Busting for Extension Educators: Reviewing the literature Soil Structure and Functionality. (Dr. Linda Chalker-Scott, WSU & A. J. Downer, U of CA via NACAA.com) https://bit.ly/3qMXL4G

Check out some new and exciting new plants! (National Garden Bureau) https://bit.ly/2WdksBa

The horrors of mass-produced bee houses. (Note: while a commercial, has useful info and links) (Collin Purrington.com) https://bit.ly/37ZCKLJ

Blueberry plant with ripening berries.
‘Legacy’ blueberry. Photo: Bernadine Strik, OSU

REVISED PUBLICATION: Growing Blueberries in Your Home Garden. (Bernadine Strik, OSU; et al: EC 1304) https://bit.ly/37hpu61

Hummingbird Drone Films Half a Billion Monarch Butterflies Taking Flight. (Deanschneider.com) https://bit.ly/3a9ILbg

Just for fun: Bugs and Organisms look like Monsters Under a Microscope.  Ever wondered what an ant or wasp looked like up close?  Have a look! (fotoscapes.com) https://bit.ly/37cXosw

Soil fungi act like a support network for trees. New research is first to show that growth rate of adult trees is linked to fungal networks colonizing their roots. (U of Alberta, via sciencefdaily.com) https://bit.ly/3mfVQCb

Pollinators of Butterfly Bush (and Other Questions) (stillca, OSU) https://bit.ly/347hUZq

20 Questions on Plant Diagnosis– “This is the third fact sheet in a series of 10 designed to provide an overview of key concepts in plant pathology. Plant pathology is the study of plant disease including the reasons why plants get sick and how to control or manage healthy plants.” (Joe Boggs, Ohio State, et al) https://bit.ly/3qMXX3U

Golden foliage of larch trees in forest of evergreen trees form a smiling face in the midst of the dark green foliage of the evergreen trees.
Larch among Douglas Fir. Photo: Jay Pscheidt, OSU

The Deciduous Conifer Conundrum. (Indefenseofplants.com) https://bit.ly/2K4vXrX

By Margaret Bayne, OSU Extension Service Staff-retired, OSU Master Gardener

Cover of OSU Publication EM 9297
New OSU publication EM 9297

Asian Giant Hornet: A potential threat to honeybee colonies in Oregon
New OSU publication outlines identification, life cycle, and predatory habits of the Asian giant hornet (Vespa mandarinia).  Along with recommendations for reporting a suspected sighting in the Pacific Northwest. (Ellen Topitzhofer, Chris Hedstrom, Priyadarshini Chakrabarti, Andony Melathopoulos, Silvia I. Rondon, Gail A. Langellotto-Rhodaback, Ramesh R. Sagili) https://bit.ly/2SPTLAP

Why Are Plants Green? To Reduce the Noise in Photosynthesis. “Plants ignore the most energy-rich part of sunlight because stability matters more than efficiency, according to a new model of photosynthesis.” (Rodrigo Perez Ortega, Quantamagazine.org) https://bit.ly/2ZuispX

Spiders, cobwebs proliferate this time of year; here’s why (plus fascinating spider myths and info.) (Oregonianlive.com) https://bit.ly/2DR7gw4

View of the Columbia River Gorge, with haze caused from forest fire.
Columbia Gorge Fire, PNW Disease Handbook

Air Pollution: Ozone. (Jay Pschdeit, PNW Disease Handbook) https://bit.ly/2ZpJ5fV

Volcanic Rock Yields a New Kind of Insecticide for Mosquitoes. (John P. Roche Entomologytoday.org) https://bit.ly/2ZtIOZn

A Field Guide to Finding Cool Moths. (Ken Keffer, blog.nature.org) https://bit.ly/33jN5jb

Bumblebees Are Larger in Cities, Study Finds-Bigger bees have larger brains and are better pollinators. (Mary Jo DiLonardo, treehugger.com) https://bit.ly/3c1NLOh

Moth Fur Is the Ultimate Acoustic Armor. It muffles the clicks of ravenous, echolocating bats. (Matthew Taub, atlasobscura.com) https://bit.ly/35vpE9o

Yellowjacket
Yellowjacket, OSU

Be Yellowjacket Aware. (Amanda Brenner, Lauren Grad, OSU) https://bit.ly/2FpbDyW

Female Dragonflies Play Dead To Avoid Having Sex, New Video Shows.  Researchers believe this is a survival tactic which is rare- “Sexual death feigning.” (Annie Garau, allthatsinteresting.com) https://bit.ly/3hiQljD

A 194-year-old apple tree, the matriarch of the Northwest apple industry, has died. (CNN via www.channel3000.com) https://bit.ly/3iohhzR

Selecting quality trees from the nursery. (Edward F. Gilman, and Laura Sadowski, UF/IFAS Extension, Gainesville, FL) https://bit.ly/2RlfLTn

Some like it hot… but most do not: How high temperatures delay pollination and ripening. (John Porter, Gardenerprofessors.com) https://bit.ly/2FksyCY

Squash blossom with sun shining on the blossoms.
Squash blossom, OSU

Bumblebees hate pumpkin pollen, which may help pumpkins (Krishna Ramanujan, Cornell U) https://bit.ly/33WLx08

By Margaret Bayne, OSU Extension Service Staff-retired, OSU Master Gardener

Photo: OSU

Study shows some urban gardens contain too much organic matter. (Kym Pokorny, OSU; via Mykl Nelson & James Cassidy, OSU) https://bit.ly/2PPqF32

Environmental Injury: Winter Burn of Evergreens. (Marianne Ophardt & Rita Hummel, WSU) https://bit.ly/2CkmTLI

Pollen adaptation to ant pollination: a case study from the Proteaceae. “Ant-plant associations are widely diverse and distributed throughout the world, leading to antagonistic and /or mutualistic interactions. “ (Nicola Delnevo, et al: Annals of Botany, Oxford U) https://bit.ly/33Vjfna

Beetles and Wasps vie for title of most diverse critter. (Nell Greenfield Boyce, NPR.org) https://n.pr/3gQwg4Q

Longevity study reveals why ancient trees can stave off death.  “New research “can help us better understand the concept of time in biology.” https://bit.ly/2CkncWS

Thorns to branches. “The pointy defense system relied on by many plants has an interesting origin story. Thorns start out as branch-like structures that grow out of the main stem and then, all of a sudden, turn into sharp death spikes. Now, researchers have not only figured out how that happens, but also how it can be stopped.” (Joram, Plantsandpipettes.com) https://bit.ly/33U0IYn

Strawberries.
Photo: Bernadine Strik, OSU

REVISED PUBLICATION: Growing Strawberries in your Home Garden. (Bernadine Strik, et al; OSU) https://catalog.extension.oregonstate.edu/ec1307

Gall fly outmaneuvers host plant in game of ‘Spy vs. Spy.’ (Sara LaJeunesse, Penn State U) https://bit.ly/2Cle700

What has been thought and taught on the Lunar influence on plants in agriculture?  Perspective from Physics and Biology. (Olga Mayoral, et al; U of Velencia Spain) https://bit.ly/2XUm1oN

Amber specimens reveal vivid color of 99-million-year-old insects. (Iflscience.com) https://bit.ly/3ivzdIo

How the Giant Sequoia protects itself: a three-dimensional network of fibers makes the bark resistant to fire and rock fall. (University of Freiburg) https://bit.ly/3aooDjF

Ants on Peony flowers: an enduring myth.  Do ants harm peonies? (Old Farmers Almanac.com) https://bit.ly/31FbdvC

First Detector summer national webinar series. Improve your diagnostic skills with tips and tricks to help you recognize symptoms of common plant problems. Brush up on identification features of pests on the move like spotted lanternfly, Asian longhorned beetle, and oak wilt. (National Plant Diagnostic Network) https://bit.ly/3h3M58g

Lichen. Photo: OSU

Nature and pollution: what lichens tell us about toxic air. By Beth Askham, Natural History Museum) https://bit.ly/3iDDt8K

Study in Philadelphia links growth in tree canopy to decrease in human mortality. (USDA Forest Service) https://bit.ly/2FcVzjC

Tomato’s hidden mutations in study of 100 varieties (Sciencecodex.com) https://bit.ly/3fTcRii

A Bee C: Scientists translate honeybee queen duets. (Victoria Gill, BBC News) https://bbc.in/3fMvjcw

By Margaret Bayne, OSU Extension Service Staff-retired, OSU Master Gardener

Cover of OSU publication 'Enhancing Urban Suburban Landscapes to Protect Pollinators, with a photo of a bumble bee gathering pollen from a white cosmo flower.

New publication: Enhancing Urban Suburban Landscapes to protect Pollinators. “The way we garden and manage the landscapes of the Northwest can promote the health of bees, butterflies, and other insects.  Homeowners, gardeners, landscape professionals and volunteer groups all can work to attract a wide range of pollinators to their properties.  This guide offers detailed plant lists, garden designs and advice on creating pollinator habitat.  Once plants are in the ground, learn to keep them healthy without exposing pollinating insects to pesticides that are toxic to them.” (Andony Melathopoulos, et all, OSU- EM 9289) https://bit.ly/30J8Tou

Nonnative, noninvasive woody species can enhance urban landscape biodiversity. (Dr. Linda Chalker-Scott, WSU via International Society of Arboriculture) https://bit.ly/3dYwkhE

New research illuminates nocturnal pollen transport network. “Moths may even help counterbalance pollination gaps left in the wake of other insect declines.” (Cara Giaimo, anthropocenemagazine.org) https://bit.ly/2XY5PmR

VIDEO:  The botanist stuck in the kitchen with peas- a short botany lesson. (Katherine A. Preston, via youtube.com) https://bit.ly/3cZr5wN

How the Pea Aphid decides to make wings or not.Wing development in females is environmentally controlled, but in males, an insertion on the sex chromosome appears to dictate whether the insects grow wings, according to a study.” (Vivian Callier, the-scientist.com) https://bit.ly/2UCiNET

WEBINAR: High magnification, low cost: macro garden photography on a budget. (Danae Wolfe, Ohio State U; via youtube.com) https://bit.ly/37pN66C

Honey locust tree with bark peeled away by squirrels.
Photo credit: Joe Boggs, OSU Extension

Squirrels debarking trees.  Recently a MG showed me some photos of a problem on a fruit tree. The damage looked awfully familiar to me since I have this same problem on my maple trees every spring.  (Joe Boggs, Ohio State U) https://bit.ly/2MSm0M3

Here’s how plants became meat eaters. “Carnivorous plants are the ‘most skillful green hunters on the planet.” (Diane Lincoln – Live Science.com) https://bit.ly/2XUlHH2

Pollen-deprived bumblebees may speed up plant blooming by biting leaves. “In a pollen shortage, bees can make tomatoes bloom early by nipping foliage.” (Susan Milius, sciencenews.org) https://bit.ly/3fvJPG3

Genetic analysis reveals the fascinating evolutionary origins of Catmint, AKA Catnip. (Max Planck Institute, scitechdaily.com) https://bit.ly/30DPfKW

The weed apocalypse. (Jim Downer, gardenprofessors.com) https://bit.ly/37x6kHO

Bumblebees bite plants to make them flower early, surprising scientists. “How it actually works remains a mystery, but if replicated by humans, it could be a boon for agriculture.” (Virginia Morell, nationalgeographic.com) https://on.natgeo.com/2XYZCHs

Big, beautiful, and confusing: Deciphering the true hornets-including the “Murder Hornet.” (Leslie Mertz, Ph.D., entomologytoday.org) https://bit.ly/3hnHIWj

Flowers respond to pollinator sound within minutes by increasing nectar sugar concentration. (Marine Veits , onlinelibrary.wiley.com) https://bit.ly/37rAnkc

Earthy funk lures tiny creatures to eat and spread bacterial spores. “Master chemist soil bacteria can waft a scent appetizing to springtails.”(Susan Milius, sciencenews.org) https://bit.ly/2XY4QCY

Ribbon type fasciation of Sedum plant.
Ribbon type fasciation of Sedum.
OSU Plant Clinic image, 2008.

UPDATE INFO- 2020 PNW Plant Disease Management Handbook: “Well, a virus may have slowed us down but the 2020 version of the PNW Plant Disease Management Handbook is now fully online. Most of it has been there for many weeks now. A total of 28 new sections, another 98 sections that were rewritten and 20 new fungicides were added (and 7 removed) where needed throughout the book. A new section on “Fasciation” was added…” (PNW Disease Management, Facebook) Fasciation:  https://bit.ly/2UA6k4o

The Strange, Twisted Story Behind Seattle’s Blackberries. (Ann Dornfeld, NPR.org) https://n.pr/2Awucir

By Margaret Bayne, OSU Extension Service Staff Retired, OSU Master Gardener

Team Shows How Butterfly Wings Can Shift in Hue:Recent study leads to a deeper understanding of how butterfly wing color is created and evolves.” Diana Kenney, Marine Biological Laboratory, University of Chicago https://bit.ly/2T19dua

A Field Guide to the Miniature Menagerie Inside Your Own Home: “There’s no social distance between you and your face mites.” Jessica Leigh Hester, Atlasobscura.com https://bit.ly/2LmDvDt

Hummingbirds Show Up When Tropical Trees Fall Down: “Treefalls happen all the time, but this one just happened to occur in the exact spot where a decades-long ecological study was in progress, giving University of Illinois researchers a rare look into tropical forest dynamics.” Lauren Quinn, Illinois ACES https://bit.ly/2yIEGdY

Yellowjacket
Yellowjacket on food, “Western Yellowjacket” by K Schneider is licensed under CC BY-NC 2.0

Wasps: “Wasps make up an enormously diverse array of insects, with some 30,000 identified species. We are most familiar with those that are wrapped in bright warning colors—ones that buzz angrily about in groups and threaten us with painful stings.  But most wasps are actually solitary, non-stinging varieties. And all do far more good for humans by controlling pest insect populations than harm.” Nationalgeographic.com https://on.natgeo.com/2WRMRwm

Herbicide Carryover in Hay, Manure, Compost, and Grass Clippings: Minda Daughtry and last updated by Pam Kerley  NC Cooperative Extension) https://bit.ly/2YTsa61

A tale of two weeders – lessons in managing aggressive, perennial weeds Dr. Linda Chalker-Scott, Gardenprofessors.com https://bit.ly/2WpKMsp

NASA Releases Satellite Images of California Superbloom From Space Madison Dapcevich, iflscience.com https://bit.ly/3brIn4I

Fertilizing Flower Gardens and Avoid Too Much Phosphorus – Tina Smith & Doug Cox, U of MASS at Amherst https://bit.ly/2WpoPtw

A selection of apple varieties, Montana State University

Apple identification: “This website will help you identify apple varieties. If you have an unknown apple variety that you want to identify you can compare the key features you see on it with dozens of attributes and variety characteristics listed on this website.” Seattle Tree Fruit Society, Western Cascade Fruit Society Chapters, Home Orchard Society, BC Fruit Testers Assoc., & Orange Pippin https://bit.ly/3ctkdrV