Sundown Towns in Oregon, Spring 2019

It’s been about 5 years, and the OMA was delighted to collaborate once again with Professor Jean Moule on her course Sundown Towns in Oregon, based on the book Sundown Towns: A Hidden Dimension of American Racism by James W. Loewen. In 2012 and 2013, our partnership resulted in two small exhibits featuring the students’ research and research process. This year the students focused solely on their research papers – all of which will be added to the Jean Moule Papers (box 2 has past years’ student research on Sundown Towns in Oregon). As part of the class, the students engaged with archival materials from the OMA and visited the Benton County Historical Society. Additionally, a few times throughout the term, the OMA provided research guidance and engaged in discussions pertaining to the students’ research.

So, what is a Sundown Town?

A Sundown Town is “any organized jurisdiction that for decades kept African Americans or other groups from living in it and thus “all-white” on purpose…from about 1890 – 1968, white Americans established thousands of towns across the United States” (Sundown Towns, 4)

And, why is knowing about and understanding Sundown Towns important?

“Recovering the memory of the increasing oppression of African Americans during the first half of the twentieth century can deepen our understanding of the role racism has played in our society and continued to play today” (Sundown Towns, 16)

Where can you learn more about Sundown Towns?

Check out Jim Loewen’s Sundown Towns website

What did the students research and write about this year?

The 5 students in the spring 2019 course each selected a different town or topic pertaining to the history of Sundown Towns and racism in Oregon. Some students selected the towns where they grew up, learning a new facet of their hometowns’ history they never knew, and others selected to dive deeper into an issue that is particularly meaningful to them.

  • Albany, Oregon
  • North Plains, Oregon
  • Portland, Oregon
  • Philomath High School mascot controversy
  • Maternal Mortality and Racism in the US

The Research Papers…

Albany, Oregon

The author of this paper lived in Albany for the majority of their life prior to attending OSU. Their research – using census data, the Albany Regional Museum, and secondary sources – led them to write about the town’s demographics, specifically the treatment of the Black and Chinese communities during the late 1800s / early 1900s; the creation of two separate high schools due Unionist and Segregationist views within the town’s population; and the presence of the KKK in the town.

North Plains, Oregon

The author researching North Plains also grew up in the town they selected. Their report included a discussion of the challenges of this type of research – lack of sources and lack of response from potential sources. They did, however, use census data and were able to connect with a local journalist, to find some information.

Portland, Oregon

The student who researched Portland expressed their lack of knowledge regarding the history of displacement of the African American community, despite living in the city for two decades. They conducted research in the Oregon Historical Society research library and archives to explore the displacement history with Vanport, Albina, and Alameda as case studies. They interviewed their godmother who shared that the deed to her home included a clause prohibiting an African American to own the house. Additionally, they included various first person accounts from survivors of the Vanport flood in 1948.

Philomath High School mascot controversy

One of two topic (instead of town) based reports was about the Philomath High School mascot, the Warriors, and the controversy surrounding the school’s refusal to change the name. The student places the controversy in both state and local contexts, and includes images from Philomath High School yearbook pages from the 1940s and 1950s with descriptions and depictions of the mascot.

Maternal Mortality and Racism in the US

The other topic based report focused on a comparison between Oregon and Indiana’s maternal mortality rates, specifically those of Black women. Her research led her to better understanding the structural racism and implicit bias within the medical industry; the impacts of state laws and policies on women’s access to healthcare; and an interview with a Black female physician who used to work at Salem Hospital who shared various incidents of both microaggressions and outright racism while working for the hospital.


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Interview About Women, Activism, and Voting

This spring term, Professor of History and Gender Studies Kimberly Jensen taught a course in which her Western Oregon University students contributed content to the Oregon Women’s History Consortium (OWHC). The OWHC includes online exhibits relating to women, activism, and voting in Oregon in preparation for the commemoration of Nineteenth Amendment centenary in 2020. The students’ assignment was to conduct interviews with women about activism and voting, as well as awareness about voter discrimination and continuing efforts to empower all.

Most Oregon women achieved the vote in 1912 and the Nineteenth Amendment, ratified in 1920, placed protections for voting rights for all citizens regardless of sex in the federal constitution. In their work, the students wished to highlight the challenges and barriers to voting for some women, to emphasize the ways that women in our state have used the vote to work for social change.

Questions Asked:

  • In your view, why is voting important?
  • What barriers to voting have some Oregon women experienced?
  • How have some women used the vote as a tool for social change?
  • What additional points do you feel are important for us to consider as we commemorate the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment?

The specific interview with Natalia Fernández, curator and archivist of the Oregon Multicultural Archives and OSU Queer Archives, is here: Natalia Fernández interview and the additional interviews can be found here: OWHC Interviews

In addition, this term students in the Women in Oregon History class added content to the Oregon 2020 site with two additional research pages: Oregon Women Protest for Suffrage: National Woman’s Party Members in Oregon and in Washington, D.C., 1917-1918 and Oregon Women in the 1920 Census Born in Mexico

Be sure to take some time to experience the range of topics students have posted to the Oregon Women’s History Consortium site from the Oregon 2020 menu.

More Information about the 2020 Centennial Vote Initiative

The year 2020 marks the 100th anniversary of the passage of the 19th Amendment to the US Constitution, which gave women the right to vote in the United States. Oregon Heritage, in partnership with Oregon Women’s History Consortium, encourages organizations across Oregon to begin planning now to engage the public in the 2020 Centennial. Below are 3 key opportunities:

1) Contributing sites to the National Votes for Women Trail ~ The National Votes for Women Trail is a project of the National Collaborative for Women’s History Sites that collects sites from all over the country to tell the untold story of suffrage for all women, of all ethnicities that extends well past the passage of the 19th Amendment. All are welcome to research and contribute new sites. More information can be found here:

2) Documenting historic sites in Oregon connected to women ~ Oregon Heritage is collecting information on places associated with women in Oregon history. These may be residences, business places, social gathering spaces, sites for suffrage and women’s rights, burial sites, campuses, and others. The information will be added to the Oregon Historic Sites Database and may be used to designate properties to the National Register of Historic Places in the future. More information can be found here:

3) Creating exhibits and events that share stories of local suffragettes and women’s history ~ Now is the time to start planning community activities for the 2020 Centennial. A guide for identifying women’s history in your community, programming ideas to consider, and funding opportunities can be found at

The goal for this program is to generate knowledge of women’s history and historic sites in Oregon, share stories of women’s suffrage and women’s history, and commemorate women in Oregon through promotions and social media.

Oregon Heritage is a division of Oregon Parks and Recreation Department that supports preservation efforts of Oregon’s history, culture, and heritage.

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EOP 50th Anniversary – BSU Walk Out Reenactment

This afternoon the OMA joined the Educational Opportunities Program (EOP) in its kick off event to celebrate the program’s 50 year anniversary! The EOP was established as an administrative response to the 1969 Black Student Union Walk Out, so it was fitting for the kick off event to be a reenactment of the walk out.

The event began at the Lonnie B Harris Black Cultural Center with an introduction by LBHBCC Director Terrance Harris, followed by a brief lecture by Dr. Dwaine Plaza giving historical context to the walk out, remarks by Dr. Janet Nishihara – current EOP Director – regarding the 50 years of EOP provided support to a variety of students, and inspiring words by Black Student Union President Angel McNabb-Lyons about being your authentic self and encouraging students to engage in community while attending OSU.

And then the walk out began!

The walk out was a silent walk, with all the Black student, faculty, staff, and community members walking in front, while allies walked behind them in solidarity. We walked from the LBHBCC through campus and out the main gates, just as the students did in 1969. We ended the event with time for reflection to answer the following 2 questions: what has changed or remained the same for Black students at OSU since the 1969 walk out? what is one thing you or your department can do or change to support Black students at OSU?

Check out the pics below and more are available online along with video footage as part of a KEZI news story about the march.

Janet Nishihara, EOP Director. It was standing room only in the LBCC for the lectures before the reenactment walk out.

The Black community members leading the reenactment walkout.

Allies walking in solidarity – there were dozens of participants!


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An LSTA Grant for the Chuck Williams Photo Collection

“OSU Libraries receive grant money for activist photographic collection: Work of photographer Chuck Williams, including cultural events, Oregon landscapes, will be displayed at OSU” by A

After winning a competitive Library Services and Technology Act grant, Oregon State University Libraries will begin to make the Chuck Williams collection accessible to the public.

LSTA grants are available for any public library in Oregon to apply for. In January, OSU Special Collections and Archives Research Center submitted an application with partner Willamette University Libraries for the shared project “Preserving the Legacy of an Oregon Activist and Artist: Making Accessible the Chuck Williams Collections.” This project seeks to preserve and make accessible the work of Williams, an Oregon photographer, activist, and member of the Grand Ronde tribe. Although WU Libraries is the official applicant, both universities will benefit from the $81,156 grant.

According to Natalia Fernández, curator and archivist of the Oregon Multicultural Archives and OSU Queer Archives, the idea to apply for an LSTA grant came up years ago. In 2016, OSU acquired Williams’ photographic collection while WU acquired papers detailing Williams’ years as an environmentalist and activist.

“We knew that we wanted to collaborate on a project to ensure both collections would be cared for and made accessible to the public,” Fernández said via email.

Larry Landis, director of SCARC, provided guidance during the creation of the grant proposal. According to Landis, due to the large size of Chuck Williams photographic collection, over 185,000 slides and 7,000 prints, the extra funding was needed.

“We felt that it would probably require some outside funding to make the collection available to researchers,” Landis said.

Fernández and project partner Mary McRobinson began working on the application last November and submitted a final draft in January. In April, the State Library Board approved LSTA funding recommendations at which point grant recipients were notified.

“We were both thrilled when we learned we were awarded an LSTA grant,” Fernández said via email. “We are so excited that our project will enable the public to have access to the collections.”

The main purpose of the project is to make both collections accessible, which will involve digitizing certain content, creating a public exhibition, and promoting the collections to regional and national viewers. According to Fernández, the majority of the funds will be used to hire a full time Project Archivist for a year to work on these tasks so that the collections can become accessible [in] 2020.

According to Landis, accessibility means making collections available online as well as organizing them in a way that is useful to researchers.

“If you don’t have information about the collection and don’t know where things are in the collection, it’s really not very usable,” Landis said.

Fernández believes that when the collection is made public, it will have broad research appeal to those studying subjects such as environmental science and politics, legal and legislative studies, grass-roots activism, photography, and Oregon’s communities of color and multicultural history.

OSU’s Chuck Williams Photo Collection features thousands of his photographs dating from the 1980s to the 1990s. Many of the photographs feature cultural events throughout Oregon and the Pacific Northwest such as Homowo Festival, India Festival, and Greek Festival. Williams photographed numerous tribal events including Pow-Wows and tribal community clinics. Other photographs show Williams’ love of local landscapes throughout Oregon such as rivers, mountains, and parks.

“These rich and varied images will provide researchers and the public with visual knowledge of both well and lesser-known Oregon festivals, communities, and landscapes,” Fernández said via email.

Landis also believes that the diversity of the photographs means that they will appeal to a wide variety of people.

“Somebody might be interested in these great photographs of events that Chuck Williams photographed, somebody else might have a deep interest in the photographs that he took of various indigenous communities,” Landis said.

WU’s Chuck Williams Activist Papers document Williams’ struggle to preserve the Columbia River Gorge. His activism during this time helped to create the National Scenic Area Act, which protects certain areas from further development.

According to Landis, OSU has received LSTA funding in the past, and was the winner of the 2016[-2017] LSTA project of the year for its work in digitizing William L. Finley collections.

“We have a strong track record of receiving LSTA grants,” Landis said.

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The OMA and OSQA Featured in Archival Outlook

The OMA and OSQA are featured in the Society of American Archivists (SAA) newsletter “Archival Outlook” May/June 2019 issue! Back in August of 2018, the OMA and OSQA presented at the annual SAA conference held in Washington DC as part of the panel “From Best Practices to “Next Practices”: Documenting Underrepresented Communities through Oral Histories” – the panelists were then invited to write short cases studies based on their presentations. Below, and online, is the result…

The OMA and OSQA Case Study:


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SOL: LGBTQ+ Multicultural Support Network ~ Oral History Interviews

SOL: LGBTQ+ Multicultural Support Network ~ Oral History Interviews

SOL focuses on supporting Queer and Trans People of Color (QTPOC) and offers educational programming, student advocacy, and ally building among individuals and organizations at Oregon State University.

Learn more about SOL: LGBTQ+ Multicultural Support Network

OSQA is excited to share a set of 7 oral history interviews pertaining to the history of SOL; 2 were conducted in 2015 and 5 in 2019. All interviews are within OH34 and are available online via the LGBTQ+ Voices Site.

Ish Guevara

Date: March 15, 2015
Location: Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR
Length: 0:12:11
Interviewee: Ish Guevara
Interviewer: Kiah McConnell

Interview Video and Index

Bio: At the time of the interview, Ish Guevara was a third year undergraduate student at Oregon State University studying Apparel Design and Management. Before coming to OSU, Guevara started the LGBTQ club at his community college. When he transferred to Oregon State, Guevara was offered a position at the Centro Cultural César Chávez, and later with SOL, the LGBTQ+ Multicultural Support Network, where he worked for two years.

Summary: In the interview, Ish Guevara offers his thoughts on the politics of queer and trans movements and support, both nationally and at Oregon State University. Guevara outlines his vision for stronger collaboration between SOL, the Pride Center, and the other cultural centers.

Jaqc Allen

Date: April 29, 2015
Location: Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR
Length: 0:25:23
Interviewee: Jaqc Allen
Interviewer: Kiah McConnell

Interview Video and Index

Bio: At the time of the interview, Jaqc Allen was a third-year student studying Public Health, Health Promotion, and Human Development. Allen worked at the Black Cultural Center, and was later appointed as a leadership liaison for SOL. Allen holds many identities that are important to them, including being queer, lesbian, gender nonconforming, and Native American Black. A nontraditional student, Allen came to Oregon State in their mid-twenties.

Summary: In this interview, Allen details their coming out experience as someone who began to explore their identities a little bit later in life. They describe coming out as a process, and describe the way this process looks different with friends, family, teachers, and peers. Allen briefly explores the intersection of masculinity and race, and how this intersection has impacted them as a masculine-presenting person of color. In addition, they share their vision for the future of SOL (the LGBTQ+ Multicultural Network), the Pride Center, and the other cultural centers. Allen explains the ways in which the mere existence of SOL is indicative of a greater problem with inclusion amongst the cultural centers, and a lack of intersectional awareness in their resources and staff. At the end of the interview, Allen briefly discusses Project Social Justice and how it has impacted their life.

Derron Coles

Date: February 13, 2019
Location: Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR
Length: 0:47:32
Interviewee: Derron Coles
Interviewer: Cori Elam

Interview Audio and Index

Bio: Coles is from Baltimore, Maryland where he attended Catholic schools before enrolling in a pre-engineering high school. While in high school he was bullied for his race, sexual orientation, and for being overweight. Once he got to Oregon State University, he experienced discrimination due to being one of the few black students in the engineering department. Coles harnessed the pain from these experiences into helping create a more inclusive atmosphere on campus. SOL was created in 2002 through Cole’s empathy for other students and it continues to be a university supported initiative.

Summary: Coles discusses his journey in creating SOL as a place where students can feel safe in expressing all aspects of their identities and learn from each other. As a student with multiple marginalized identities, he realized the importance of communication, education, and community. With faculty support from Larry Roper, SOL has become a permanent fixture on the OSU campus since 2002. Despite some groups on campus originally not acknowledging the need for a LGBTQIA+ group specifically for students of color, it has continued to thrive with student support each year.

Larry Roper

Date:  February 13, 2019
Location: Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR
Length: 0:22:48
Interviewee: Larry Roper
Interviewer: Isabella Arrieta

Interview Audio and Index

Bio: Roper is a professor of Language, Culture, and Society at Oregon State University. From 1995-2014 he served as the Vice Provost of Student Affairs at OSU. As a Vice Provost he helped provide the initial funding for the creation of SOL. Roper describes his primary role in student affairs as helping to create campus environments that respond to the needs of the student population. He states that SOL is a respectful and inclusive part of OSU.

Summary: Roper discusses how his position as Vice Provost allowed him to engage with Derron Coles one-on-one to get funding for the creation of SOL. Roper discusses the OSU university statement on inclusion, equity, and diversity which can be supported with funding student programs that meet the needs of our less visible students.

Justine Anaya

Date: March 3, 2019
Location: Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR
Length: 0:18:11
Interviewee: Justine Anaya
Interviewer: Hope Trautman

Interview Video and Index

Bio: Anaya is an undergraduate student at Oregon State University studying Environmental Economics and Policy. She worked with SOL from 2014-2016 and describes this as a time when the organization was struggling to stay afloat. Despite this difficulty, finding community in SOL has helped Anaya thrive in a predominately white campus.

Summary: Justine Anaya discusses her identity as a queer indigenous woman and how that has shaped her activism. Anaya discusses the status of SOL during her time working for the organization for 2 years, how her ideas of activism have changed, and what is it like to be a minority identity in STEM classes at OSU.

Tamara Lash

Date: April 16, 2019
Location: Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR
Length: 0:20:44
Interviewee: Tamara Lash
Interviewers: Corey Illum and Isabella Arrieta

Interview Video and Index

Bio: Lash is an M.A. student at Oregon State University who completed her undergrad at OSU as well. During her involvement with the Women & Gender Center, she was introduced to the SOL initiative on campus. As a person with multiple marginalized identities, she advocates for more resources on campus that are not solely student led because this can result in emotional burn out for the students.

Summary: Lash discusses the differences between her experience as an undergraduate student at OSU and as a grad student after taking a two year break from academia. She talks about the importance of resources in higher education that go beyond student led organizations and how students of color are able to see the institution through a different lens. Lash gives advice to SOL members about other ways they can support the surrounding community of Corvallis and share how SOL had a positive impact on her life.

Kobe Natachu Taylor

Date: April 25, 2019
Location: Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR
Length: 0:30:07
Interviewee: Kobe Natachu Taylor
Interviewer: Julian Chu

Interview Video and Index

Bio: Natachu Taylor is an indigenous, two-spirit, queer student majoring in nutrition and a minor in queer studies at Oregon State University. Taylor hopes to take what he has learned at OSU back to their home community after graduation. As an OSU student, Taylor engages in social justice activism with the QTIPOC support network in SOL.

Summary: Natachu Taylor discusses the journey of finding themselves and community at Oregon State University. As a marginalized identity, they unintentionally fell into social justice roles by having a need to advocate for themselves and other indigenous/queer students.

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OSQA and History Course Collaboration: the OSQA Oral History Project, Part 3

This winter term 2019, the OSU Queer Archives (OSQA) collaborated for the third time with the history class HST 368 Lesbian and Gay Movements in Modern America with Professor Mina Carson. Our first collaboration took place in 2016 and the second in 2017. This year, the HST 368 students continued the project, adding another 8 interviews to the OSQA oral history collection!


Bryant Everett Oral History Interview

While this interview was not conducted by the students, it was conducted as part of the class by the OSQA archivist to act as a model interview.

Date: February 6, 2019
Location: Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR
Length: 2:41:39
Interviewee: Bryant Everett
Interviewers: Natalia Fernandez

Interview Video and Index

Bio: Everett is an Oregon native from the rural town, Philomath. Throughout her life, she has navigated gender expression and identity on her road to recognizing herself as a transgender individual. Having overcome geographic isolation, sexual abuse, domestic violence, and strained relationships with her mother, she is now an activist who believes in the power of representation. Everett transitioned while in a national management position; at the time of her interivew, she had returned to college to pursue a double major degree in Biochemistry and Pre-Med Science.

Summary: Bryant Everett’s life begins in Philomath, Oregon, in a rural, isolated home on the outskirts of the town. She explains that not being able to express herself openly in the tight knit community left her feeling hopeless after high school. She then describes that once she found her footing in employment, and quickly moving up the ladder into a national management position, she began a long-term relationship that would change her forever. At the end of the relationship, she temporarily left Oregon and began therapy where she was introduced to the phrase ‘gender dysphoria’. Everett’s new dialogue in describing her personal experience was the start of her transition journey. This journey began while she continued to travel over the United States and train employees on a weekly basis. She expresses that since transitioning, she has a new way in interacting with the world. Sharing her experiences is not only part of her self-care, it is also at the root of her activism. Representation, being outspoken, self-reflection, and inner strength are traits that Everett brings into the LGBTQ+ community. Towards the end of the interview she discusses her enrollment in college as a Biochemistry and Pre-Med double major, and living in Eugene, Oregon.

K.B. Oral History Interview

Date: March 2, 2019
Location: Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR
Length: 0:43:02
Interviewee: K.B.
Interviewers: Tiana Weeks and Hannah Hunicke

Interview Video and Index

Bio: K.B. was born and raised in the Pacific Northwest, in a small town of roughly 500 people. This area is known for being a rugged and conservative region. K.B’s family raised them in a protestant church with their one older brother. K.B understood the class disparity between them and their peers, coming from a family that had contributed to the town for multiple generations. During K.B’s time in their hometown, they had many problems with their family and specifically their brother. K.B felt compared to their brother who was more ‘motivated’ than K.B. After leaving their hometown, the relationship with their brother improved but the relationship with their parents continues to be strained. K.B identifies as pansexual and non-binary and is not out to their parents. It wasn’t until they left for higher education that their identity was truly discovered. K.B went to two different all-female colleges on the east coast and in the South before finding themselves at Oregon State for graduate school. During their time in the same-sex schools K.B found friends who took them in and let them deal with their mental health problems in a safe environment. One of these friends introduced K.B to the Universal Unitarian church, a liberal church focusing on faith and spirituality. While K.B says they never struggled with faith, finding an accepting and safe church proved difficult during the Supreme Court’s decision to potentially legalize marriage equality.  K.B refers to these people as their chosen family. Before coming to Oregon State K.B. worked with AmeriCorps and spent time in Tillamook creating important relationships crucial to their mental health and growth. Today K.B studies public health at Oregon State University and is involved in their local Universal Unitarian church where they serve as a mentor and adviser for the church’s High School program in Corvallis, Oregon.

Summary: K.B. began their interview by talking about their childhood, having been born in a small town in Washington to a family and community whose views were in direct opposition with K.B.’s to-be-realized identity. Those identities, K.B. shares, are non-binary and pansexual. K.B. talked about moving away from the town after graduation, attending a same-sex institution on the East Coast and one in the South. This opened them up to their identity and mutually rewarding, intense, platonic relationships. Moving back to Oregon and living near Tillamook, K.B. found themselves in a multi-generational community, making friends with older adults. K.B. affectionately refers to an older woman, with whom they cohabitated, as their aunt. A family from K.B.’s church community “adopted” them and became their chosen family. K.B. is also supported by their older brother, with whom they were not as close during childhood under the watchful eye of strict, expectant parents. Many close friendships have helped K.B. through mental health difficulties, including crippling bouts of anxiety and depression. Now a graduate student in the public health program at Oregon State, K.B. is not out to their family and appreciates OSU’s official recognition of their gender. Though not active in everyday struggles to “come out” again to each individual professor, they feel accepted in the university. K.B. also is fulfilled by their experience in the Unitarian Universalist Church, which is a multi-faith community affirming multiple versions of Truth. K.B. grew up in a protestant household and found comfort in church and youth services, but fell out with traditional Christian institutions when one church became outspoken about denying gay marriage rights. Finding the Unitarian fellowship finally, to K.B., felt right, and they began working with youth in their faith community. 

Historical Context Essay: The Unitarian Universalist Association was founded in 1961 by a merger between the bodies of the American Unitarian Association and the Universalist Church of America, both Christian denominations. The UUA, however, is a liberal religious group, an amalgamation of “Eastern and Western religions and philosophies,” according to their website. The first of their seven Principles of practice is to recognize the inherent worth and dignity of every person. The sources from which they draw inspiration include direct experience of the transcendent dimension of life, words and deeds of prophets, wisdom from world religions, Judeo-Christian teachings of loving thy neighbor, humanist teachings on reason and science, and spiritual teachings centered on nature. The UUA markets themselves as “open-minded, open-hearted spiritual communities [that] help people lead lives of justice, love, learning and hope.” The UUA prides themselves on focusing on love and spirituality. Critics of the UUA have seen the church as a cult-like organization that struggles with opening up to other races and minorities. The staff’s leadership tends to be white men, even with a supposed open and accepting group that allows women ministers. The UUA President Peter Morales resigned amid controversy over hiring practices on March 30th, 2017. Young people within the church are pushing for younger leadership and advocating for a more open, accepting and inclusive environment. The UUA has young adult groups and campus ministries within their congregations. Within the young adult ministry, social justice, spirituality and worship, and multi-generational pastoral care are highlighted.

Kim Kraemer Oral History Interview

Date: March 3, 2019
Location: Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR
Length: 0:39:32
Interviewee: Kim Kraemer
Interviewers: Jacob Novotny and Chase Sublette

Interview Video and Index

Bio: Kim Kraemer grew up in a time when transgender identity was not openly discussed and society was not accepting to people who were outside the constructed gender norms. While a student at Oregon State University in the 1970’s, she was exposed to the feminist movement, which helped her to express her non-gender conforming acts more freely. She later married OSU alum, Thomas Kraemer, an out gay man who accepted her non-femme identity. Despite experiencing discrimination in her education, workspaces, and from family, Kraemer is optimistic about the future for the LGBTQ+ community in the United States.

Summary: In this interview, Kim Kraemer discusses her family, her relationship with Thomas Kraemer, her schooling, some of the jobs she has had throughout her life, and what tips she has for both the current and future generations. For her family, Kim talks about how her stepfather didn’t seem to like her as much as her sister and how he never encouraged her to pursue a career in mechanics. Kim also talks about how she was not really too close to her sister, and still isn’t to an extent due to her sister being a born-again Christian with rather homophobic views. For her relationship with Thomas Kraemer, Kim talks about how they met, some of his experiences as being an out gay man, and his contributions to the LGBTQ community after his retirement. Kim also talks about how she had to help him with his work for the archives as his health declined. For her schooling and jobs, Kim talks about how she took mechanics classes all through high school, and how she was not able to fully pursue what she wanted to in college due to not doing well in math. Kim talked about how she took summer jobs working on boats and later had a job working at an auto shop in Corvallis and being a “novelty” at those places due to (biologically) being female. Kim says for current and future generations to make transgender (and LGBTQ in general) lives be better would be to accept people for who they are and to let them express themselves however they want.

Historical Context Essay: Kim Kraemer grew up in the second half of the 20th century in the United States. During this period of United States history, society was largely not accepting of individuals with gender identities that did not conform to socially constructed norms of how people were supposed to behave based on their biological sex. As Kraemer notes in the interview, there was not a lot of available information at the time regarding gender identity or the existence of transgender individuals. Those individuals who did openly express their other gender identities were often exposed to discrimination on multiple levels. These individuals were wrongly treated as if they were just sick or perverted, and faced a severe lack of professional health services such as availability of surgical services to alter the body to match their gender identity, hormone treatments or mental health services. Trans people were also routinely denied equal employment opportunities, access to restrooms that matched how they identified and presented themselves, or safe access to public spaces in general. To Kraemer’s benefit, as noted in the interview, in the 1970s when Kraemer was attending Oregon State University, the feminist movement was gaining traction and visibility. This allowed Kraemer to express non-conforming gender acts more freely as it was becoming more and more acceptable for women to break away from traditional gender norms in a variety of ways.   

Minerva Zayas Oral History Interview

Date: March 5, 2019
Location: Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR
Length: 0:59:41
Interviewee: Minerva Zayas
Interviewers: Hailey Brooks and Grace Brod

Interview Video and Index

Bio: Minerva Zayas was born in Riverside, CA but spent most of her life in Eastern Washington with her mother and brothers. From a young age, Zayas worked multiple jobs to help her mom since she is the oldest child. Growing up in a Catholic home did not provide much space to explore or discuss her sexual identity until she left the house to attend college at Eastern Washington University. As an undergraduate, she double majored in Psychology and Women & Gender Studies. At Oregon State University, she is a graduate student in Women, Gender, and Sexuality Studies with research focused on queer Latinx women in activism. Zayas also helped establish the Women of Color Caucus at OSU to create community at the predominately white campus.

Summary: Minerva Zayas’ interview began with discussing her childhood. Minerva spent much of her young life with her single mother and siblings. She found herself working very hard and taking care of her siblings from a young age in order to help out her mom, who worked multiple jobs. Minerva spoke about the relationship that she was in throughout high school, which she soon realized was unsafe and abusive, similar to what she saw her mother face with her stepfather. Minerva reflected upon her Catholic upbringing and the effects that these beliefs and environment had on the way she self-identified. Minerva mentioned the most influential event in her young life that greatly impacted the LGBTQ+ community was most likely the legalization of same-sex marriage. As Minerva finished high school, she always knew she wanted to go to college and being the first generation in her family to do this means a lot to her. Minerva attended Eastern Washington University and majored in Psychology and Women and Gender Studies. When Minerva moved to Corvallis for an Oregon State graduate program, she found a community through the Women of Color Caucus. Yet, she found that even in her field of study, (Women, Gender & Sexuality Studies), women of color were not being adequately supported. Minerva dove into leadership in the queer Latinx community. When asked how she felt about the current social and political climate surrounding the LGBTQ+ community, Minerva expressed how difficult it has been. Minerva highlighted the importance of self-care amidst turmoil and how having a reliable support system can make a very big difference. In the future Minerva hopes to continue work in the Latinx community and possibly get her PhD and become a family counselor, something she thinks she might have benefited from when she was younger.  

Historical Context Essay: Minerva Zayas was born in Riverside, California and she did not see much LGBTQ+ representation in her childhood. She was unaware of any policy changes or national news surrounding the LGBTQ+ community before adulthood. When we look at this period historically, particularly around the years 2000 to 2010, we can see that there was actually quite a lot going on in California in relation to LGBTQ+ rights. For instance, in 2004 the first ever Trans March was held in San Francisco and not even a year later California’s domestic partnership laws were updated to act almost exactly the same as an actual marriage license. During this time, there was a large focus on same-sex marriage, starting with the marriage of Del Martin and Phyllis Lyon in 2004. This may seem early, as same-sex marriage was not officially legalized till 2013, but San Francisco’s mayor at the time, Gavin Newsom, briefly gave city hall the ability to grant marriage licenses to same-sex couples. Del Martin and Phyllis Lyon were the first women to jump at the chance. Quite a few years later, when Zayas was fresh out of high school in Washington and preparing to begin her studies at Eastern Washington University, same-sex marriage was officially legalized in California (and Washington), making waves in communities everywhere but Zayas does not remember being directly affected by them. Around 2004 when she would have been in k-12 school, these LGBTQ+ issues were most likely never brought up by educators or school officials, as such topics were still highly debated. Though many adults knew about the issues going on, they most likely went unspoken around children, especially in institutional education settings. Later when Zayas started college, same-sex marriage would have most likely been a ‘hot topic’ on her college campus. This may help explain why Zayas felt she knew more about LGBTQ+ issues during this time than she did during her childhood.

Susan Shaw Oral History Interview

Date: March 5, 2019
Location: Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR
Length: 0:59:10
Interviewee: Susan Shaw
Interviewers: Sarah Shields and Kelsie Rust

Interview Video and Index

Bio: Susan Shaw was born and raised in the Deep South town of Rome, GA. She was raised as a Southern Baptist that was not accepting of the women’s movement, feminism, or homosexuality. Despite the preaching of intolerance for different communities in her church, Shaw believes that the Bible is about love and tolerance, which inspired her to attend seminary school at The Southern Baptist Theological Seminary in Louisville, Kentucky. While in seminary school, Shaw found her voice to challenge sexist ideology and became a feminist. As Shaw came to terms with her sexuality, it was many years before she could be out with it due to fear of losing her teaching jobs at conservative universities. Once she became a professor at Oregon State University, she finally found a place where she did not feel the need to hide her sexual identity and was able to incorporate theology in Women, Gender, & Sexuality Studies courses.

Summary: Current Professor of Women, Gender, and Sexuality Studies Oregon State University, Susan Shaw, born in the conservative Deep South town of Rome, GA tells us of her courageous journey to selfhood. At a young age, Shaw had close connection to her female peers while watching the women’s movement happen upon her television amidst an intolerant/quiet community. Raised within the Southern Baptist Church, which had a strict no tolerance attitude towards homosexuality and feminism, Shaw oppositely found the love and tolerance the Bible preached, while studying in seminary school. She describes becoming a feminist while attending The Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, Louisville, KY and what feminism means to her. Although ready to come out in the 80’s and 90’s, she feared being fired from her position of Assistant Professor of Religion, Chair of the Department of Religious Studies and at California Baptist College, as well as during her time as Associate Professor of Religious Studies at George Fox College (a fundamentalist Quaker university). She describes herself as a Baptist in exile in the United Church of Christ after finding the Southern Baptist churches to be more conservative on the West coast than in the South. She describes living a double life during her last two years working for George Fox and attending OSU. Shaw extrapolates on her time, working for the HIV respite care in Portland and the discrepancies in class vs funding. She also tells us of her “coming out” to family and friends afterwards. Shaw stresses how being in the closet equates to death and how moving from theology to women’s studies at OSU was a breath of fresh air.  Shaw describes how OSU directors have been supportive of her sometimes-controversial feminist religious writings and what she learned from the WGSS program. She stresses how faith and sexuality do not have conflict for her and discusses the classes she has taught that support this concept. Shaw tells of her life partner and their struggle with marriage equality. To conclude, Shaw explains the need for the LGBTQ community to be more inclusive/intersectional, discusses how ageism affects her, and her book/programs she is currently working on.

Historical Context Essay: Growing up in the south during the ‘60s and ’70s would have greatly influenced Shaw’s feminist views. The women’s movement was active during this time but had not quite influenced the South as much as it had, nor was as popular as it was in the rest of the U.S. Looking for gender equality in the Southern Baptist Convention was improbable. Especially during the Controversy that occurred among Southern Baptists during the ‘80s and ‘90s, that led to the Convention becoming more conservative, misogynistic and homophobic. In 1984, the convention was opposed to ordaining women, and in the early 1990s decided to exclude churches that were in acceptance of or implied acceptance of homosexuality. Since the Southern Baptist Convention is not autonomous, small churches were able to get away with opposing these views but most were excluded from the convention. After being ordained, Susan began receiving negative criticism for being a woman and a feminist and, once she started to realize her sexuality being a lesbian. She was an activist in Oregon during the ballot 9 measures, marriage equality and other rights related issues. Throughout her career, she has been an activist, a feminist and an ally and later a member of the LGBTQ community.

Bradley Boovy – Corvallis Queer Films Fest Oral History Interview

Date: March 7, 2019
Location: Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR
Length: 0:45:46
Interviewee: Bradley Boovy
Interviewers: Eliya Dunmire and Yoo Jin Seol

Interview Video and Index

Bio: Dr. Bradley Boovy was born into a Catholic home in New Orleans, Louisiana and lived in this region of the United States up until the completion of his undergraduate degree. One of the most important times for Boovy’s life was the time he spent in Austin, Texas in his 20’s as a graduate student because he came out as a gay man. Austin was the place that helped him to find his identity in a positive way in a supportive environment. The bars were the place that people could communicate with others to build their community. Once he took a job at Oregon State University, he wanted to create a queer space in Corvallis that was not in bars so that people under 21 years of age or those who do drink alcohol, could find community. Boovy used to work in creating each year’s Queer Film Festival in Corvallis until 2016. This event highlights LGBTQ+ films from all around the world. Boovy is currently an assistant professor at Oregon State University with a background in Germanic studies, Spanish studies and women studies. He is helping the OSU’s Queer Archives, in Oregon State’s special collections and archives.

Summary: Dr. Boovy is an assistant professor at Oregon State University with a background in Germanic studies, Spanish studies and women studies. He grew up in New Orleans, Louisiana and attended most of his early and undergraduate education there. While he was in New Orleans, he focused on studying the relationship and conflicts between the LGBTQ society and religious society. Boovy has a background in the Catholic religion from his upbringing, so religion was one of the key influences for him to start activism for the LGBTQ community because of the homophobic opinions of Catholicism. After several years, he moved to Austin, Texas when he completed his Ph.D. in Germanic studies in 2012. His experiences in Austin helped him understand the LGBTQ+ community at the time and inspired him to work even more to create more spaces that are open for all people under the LGBTQ+ umbrella. When he moved to Oregon for his German studies job at Oregon State University, he began to organize and work on the Corvallis Queer Film Festival until 2016. During the festival, Boovy took charge of the marketing part, finances and scholarships, and general overview of the festival as a whole. He was in-charge of organizing where the event took place, Corvallis Darkside Cinema, which has since become the permanent home of the festival.  The main reason for his departure from the festival was to help create OSU’s Queer Archives, in Oregon State’s special collections and archives with Natalia Fernández. Boovy’s research currently focuses on queer history and the changes in culture over time, especially in Europe, and how it was influenced by nationalism.

Historical Context Essay: The main inspiration for Dr. Boovy’s interest and involvement in creating the Corvallis Queer Film Festival comes from the historical prevalence of bars within the LGBTQ+ community. Bars have been a major part of queer history as they have acted as a safe space for queer people to be themselves since the sixties. Queer bars originally started as gay and lesbian focused bars as a place for people to seek refuge from the blatant ignorance and prejudice of the times. Bars have also played a major part in the radical improvement and acceptance of the LGBTQ+ community in history such as with major events like the Stone Wall riots. They have also played a negative part such as with the club kids scene in the nineties located predominately in New York City, New York and their abuse of drugs. There haven’t been many places for persons under twenty-one to congregate, thus Dr. Boovy decided to create a safe queer space for all ages to gather and both witness and discuss queer stories. Dr. Boovy continues to follow the tradition of Queer film festivals. The festivals originally started in in 1979 on a college campus and then eventually evolved into the 1982 Outfest located in Los Angeles, California focused on creating a space for people to see queer stories. Since then, festivals and showcases have blown up, especially in the nineties and early 2000s, and become a popular place for LGBTQ+ people to promote equality and tell their stories.

Cindy Konrad Oral History Interview

Date: March 8, 2019
Location: Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR
Length: 0:37:52
Interviewee: Cindy Konrad
Interviewers: Andrew Sunderland and Ryan Rundell

Interview Video and Index

Bio: Cindy Konrad is a director for the Pride Center at Oregon State University. Konrad grew up in Wisconsin and went to school at the Northern Michigan University where she got her Bachelor of Arts in English and education, but she also got her Master of Arts in literature from Purdue University. Konrad moved to Oregon three and a half years ago for family reasons and wanted a change for her life. Being involved within the LGBTQ+ community Konrad is able to explain differences that she has seen between the Midwest and the west coast. Not only is Konrad a director at the Pride Center but she is also an advisor to SOL:LGBTQ+ Multicultural Support Network. During the interview Konrad mentions how there are still obstacles to overcome here on campus. She discusses an example of how some buildings still do not include gender inclusive bathrooms and she is on the pushing to overcome this and make for a better tomorrow. With a changing world, Konrad is a prime example of a leader pushing for a more diverse community and create positive change at Oregon State University.

Summary: In this interview, Cindy Konrad talks about being from Wisconsin and her move to Oregon, which occurred about three and a half years ago from the date of this recording. She details her career path and what drove her to move to Oregon.  She also talks in length about her education and work in literature before she found herself as a director of the Pride Center at Oregon State University.  She also talks about the differences she has discovered between Wisconsin and the Midwest in general and Oregon and the Northwest, particularly in the topic of the LGBTQ+ community.  Konrad explores what she has seen in the community and the changes that have occurred especially in the past three and a half years in Corvallis.  She explains how Oregon seems like a safer place for someone in the LGBTQ+ community, but that does not include the people of color or the trans community.  She also talked about the prevalence of white supremacists in the Corvallis area and the rampant racism and transphobia. Konrad was able to provide insight into what the future could look like and what she hopes the future will be for the LGBTQ+ community in Corvallis and Oregon in general.  She also covered some specific changes that could be made at Oregon State University to make the lives of LGBTQ+ students and faculty a lot better.

Historical Context Essay: The oral history of Cindy Konrad provides some context to a particular set of important years in the history of the LGBTQ+ community in Oregon in particular as well as the United States as a whole.  From the date of recording for the oral history, Konrad has lived in Corvallis for three and a half years from the end of 2015 to the beginning of 2019. During this time, the United States saw the election of President Donald Trump.  With this election, brought a lot of racism and tension between different communities in the country into the spotlight. Elected officials were publicly saying racist, homophobic, transphobic, and all kinds of other bigotry to the entire masses of the United States through tweets and posts on social media.  Konrad’s oral history is able to show what the effect of this climate has had on the State of Oregon. Konrad shares a great amount of information that is based around LGBTQ+ community here in Oregon and how it can compare to the culture in the Midwest.

Trina Hogg Oral History Interview

Date: March 12, 2019
Location: Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR
Length: 0:23:51
Interviewee: Trina Hogg
Interviewers: John Boileau and Haleigh Sudbeck

Interview Video and Index

Bio: Trina Leah Hogg was born in Ontario, Canada in 1980. Her life was shaped by the arts at an early age and she went to an arts-specific high school. It is here where Hogg began to discover herself through the arts and foster relationships with her fellow students. After completing her high school education Hogg enrolled in the prestigious Trinity College at the University of Toronto, where she majored in History. As Hogg says herself, this was her first exposure to the vibrant LGBTQ+ community, which Toronto has, something which Hogg had yet to be exposed to before entering higher academia. After completing her degree at Trinity College, Trina went on to complete a master’s degree at Dalhousie University in Halifax, Nova Scotia. Her master’s thesis was titled: Altered Communities: Marriage, Respectability, and Gender in Early Freetown, Sierra Leone 1792-1830. It was easy to see at an early stage in her academic career just how inspired she was by studying African history, the subject she would choose to make her mark in as a Ph.D. student at New York University starting in 2006.  It was at NYU where Trina produced the thesis ‘Our Country Customs’: Legality, Diplomacy, and Violence on the Sierra Leone Frontier, 1861-1896. Once again, Dr. Hogg had produced a detailed historiography of Sierra Leone, something aided by the nearly one year combined which she has spent living in Africa over her life. Upon completion of her Ph.D. Dr. Hogg entered teaching at Columbia College in Chicago, Illinois. Columbia College is a small arts college with an enrollment of about 7,000 students. Teaching classes ranging from African History and Culture Since 1880 to Roots: Genealogy and Migration in America, it is at Columbia College where Dr. Hogg began to truly formulate a teaching style of her own. In 2016, Dr. Hogg made the leap from Chicago to Corvallis and settled in at Oregon State University as a professor of History focusing on African Studies. Classes such as Christianity in Africa have made Dr. Hogg a favorite in the History department due to the distinct subject matter of her classes and the ability to research areas of history often unexamined by the normal student.

Summary: In this interview, Dr. Hogg begins by discussing her childhood and secondary education experiences with in an arts high school in the Toronto suburbs and the lack of LGBTQ+ presence within those atmospheres. Dr. Hogg shared that while many of her friends and herself came out post-graduation, none of them came out during high school. She goes on to explain that she was unsure about her about her sexual orientation until she was an adult. She then turns to her post high school entering higher education era, where she was introduced to Toronto’s LGBTQ+ community and continued her education. However, she examines how her sexuality had no connection with her academics, and had little to no expectations for the treatment of LGBTQ+ on her college campuses. She compared the LGBTQ+ communities at Columbia University and Oregon State University along with what she saw in the classrooms at each institution. She also compares her experiences as a queer person while living in Africa and how they differ from living in North America. Dr. Hogg finished up by discussing her many brilliant and inventive ideas of how she would like to incorporate the history of the LGBTQ+ community in her post graduate class syllabi’s and creates a more inclusive environment.

Historical Context Essay: In the simplest of terms, the story of Trina Hogg is the story of someone providing to their students the accommodations which were missing from their own academic career. As a high school student in the mid-1990s, Trina was not exposed to LGBTQ+ members in her community. This continued in her early years as an undergraduate student at Trinity College in Toronto, where she still felt as if she had not been exposed to an LGBTQ+ community. Now, Dr. Hogg is someone who is making her mark in an era where she feels she has the freedom to interact with, mentor, and create healthy environments for LGBTQ+ students. As she states in her interview, this sort of representation of LGBTQ+ people was not present for Dr. Hogg in her early educational career. Now, as the conversations surround LGBTQ+ rights are more important than ever, Dr. Hogg feels she can provide to her students, whether they be LGBTQ+, allies, or someone who has never interacted with a member of the LGBTQ+ community, with a place where they can feel comfortable discussing these topics. Dr. Hogg also provides a particularly rare view on LGBTQ+ issues as she shares her experiences in multiple cities throughout Canada, the United States, and Africa. As a professor of African History, Dr. Hogg moves the discussion of LGBTQ+ issues outside of North America and the “Western World.” This provides a sense of understanding and analysis of LGBTQ+ issues which incorporates experiences and viewpoints from a variety of lived experiences. The importance of this in a historical context is that Dr. Hogg can compare and contrast change over time in a multitude of geographic and socially diverse locations. By providing these wide-ranging viewpoints on LGBTQ+ issues, Dr. Hogg establishes herself as a voice that must be heard in order to understand how LGBTQ+ issues have developed in academia, and how she wishes to see them continue on their development, from the mid-1990s until present day. 

Mina Carson Oral History Interview

Date: March 15, 2019
Location: Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR
Length: 01:18:07
Interviewee: Mina Carson
Interviewers: Sarah Carroll and Paige Sim

Interview Video and Index

Bio: Dr. Mina Carson was born in 1953 in San Francisco, CA and grew up in Brunswick, Maine, where she spent most of her childhood. Although the town was a liberal college town, Carson does not recall homosexuality being discussed in positive terms, which led to decades of her hiding her sexual identity. Through fear, being uncomfortable, and after swearing secrecy to herself, Carson came out after graduate school while living in Missouri where she had her first academic job. After moving to Corvallis in 1989, Carson got involved in the community. Carson teaches a history course focused on Gay and Lesbian activism in the United States. The class project in this course has students conduct oral histories with members of the LGBTQ+ community for the Oregon State University Queer Archives.

Summary: Dr. Mina Carson shares her life experiences as a lesbian woman and coming out later in her adult life. She was born in San Francisco in 1953 and shortly thereafter moved with her family to Brunswick, Maine where she grew up with her two sisters. She described what life in Maine and the late divorce of her parents. For Carson, homosexuality was not talked about while she was growing up. Her earliest recollection of questioning stemmed from her first childhood crushes that she described as “really intense friendships.” She then delved into the process of her coming out. While in graduate school, during the summer in New York, she stumbled upon the Pride Parade. Now this was before she was out of the closet, so she found herself participating and chanting but still apologetic about her identity. In Missouri, she worked at Northeast Missouri State (now Truman State University) in the College of Liberal Arts. It was there that Carson had her first recollections of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. She remembers the shock and horror she felt that people her age were dying of this disease. She attributes her hyperawareness of the disease to her generation and a fear that many experienced. While in Corvallis, the anti-homosexual ballots of the 1990s in Oregon added to Carson’s fear. Ballot Measure 8 was in response to Neil Goldschmidt’s order for anti-discriminatory protections for gay and lesbian people. The measure overturned this order, causing fear, hate and joblessness for many people in the LGBT community. Carson noted living in downtown Corvallis and having a campaign poster in her lawn torn down. When she got the opportunity to move to a different area, she did and noted part of her reasoning was from being scared of the hate. Now, the reactionary political climate and the current Donald Trump Administration have focused Carson’s attention on climate change, abortion rights, and preservation of the Supreme Court and Constitution from corruption. Toward the end of the interview, Carson touches on the importance of music in her life, especially as a coping mechanism. She started writing songs when she was a teenager and to this day uses music to bring all parts of herself together. She describes her relationship with music and songwriting as a hobby that allows her to bring about emotional release and address the things that are important to her, including politics and relationships. The most important parts of life are her kids. In this interview, Carson describes getting a master’s degree at Portland State University in Social Work and trained in psychotherapy and working as a therapist. However, in wanting children, having two careers was simply not viable and returned to the sole career of teaching to be a mother. She describes the process of adoption and parenting and the importance of her children in her life. Throughout the interview, Carson adds important commentary on the way fear has affected her life and her relationships and details her struggles with self-acceptance, doubt, and bravery. She closes the interview with a statement that she realizes she owes her community honesty and the wish that she was bolder and less cautious in owning her identity and strives to be that way.

Historical Context Essay: Dr. Mina Carson went to high school in the mid-1960s around the time of President Kennedy’s assassination and the Civil Rights Movement. She spent her higher education on the east coast also in relatively liberal areas before she moved to Missouri. She was active in the After 8 local response to Oregon’s Ballot Measure 8 passed that overturned an executive by Governor Neil Goldschmidt in the late 1980s. The group lobbied locally at county and state levels. Now, Carson is involved with movements in whatever ways she can be – whether that is monetary support, photographing events, or participating in marches. Carson uses photography as a way to stay involved in community events. She documents many of Corvallis’s events and protests as well as loving photography, which she taught herself in college. She talks about how important photography is to her and how it allows her to be in the moment and notice her surroundings. As a member of the Corvallis community for approximately 30 years, Carson shares on the evolution of Corvallis and Oregon State University over the years. She talks about her own experiences of Corvallis as a gay woman, safe spaces, M’s Tea and Coffee House, friendships, alliances, and awareness of others. As an institution, Carson notes that OSU had been generally good about listening to grievances of minorities and in her experience, has been supportive. As an academic and historian, Carson spends some time talking about her concerns with the current political climate. She noted the horrors of the current Presidential Administration of Donald Trump, and what her main concerns are. She stressed that along with climate change, women’s and abortion rights, her greatest fears are corruption of the Supreme Court and fear for the sanctity of the Constitution.

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OSU Solidarity March 5 Year Anniversary – Justin McDaniels Oral History

Meleani Bates (with megaphone) co-leads OSU students, faculty, and staff in the Solidarity March, March 12, 2014

Five years ago today, OSU students gathered for a Solidarity March. Just a few weeks ago, Justin McDaniels shared his involvement in the March and the #ITooAmOSU campaign, and his interview is now available online!

In late February / early March 2014, anonymous acts of racism brought light to hate speech and bigotry on campus. Students rallied and the #ITooAmOSU campaign came together at the Memorial Union (MU) Quad on March 9th, and the Solidarity March occurred March 12th. To learn more about the events, check out the Untold Stories: Histories of Students of Color at Oregon State University website, specifically the entry on the 2014 Solidarity March.

Justin McDaniels was one of the Oregon State University students that mobilized the “I, Too, Am OSU” campaign and the Solidarity March in 2014. These movements were in response to the lack of response from university administration in protecting marginalized students.

Justin McDaniels Oral History Interview

Interviewee: Justin McDaniels
Interviewer: Natalia Fernández
Interview Date: February 19, 2019
Location: The Valley Library, Oregon State University
Duration: 2:00:29

Summary:  McDaniels begins his interview by sharing stories from his childhood growing up in Canby, Oregon, specifically his high school and early college experiences. McDaniels also shares his coming out story, as well as his experiences as a queer biracial cis-gendered man. He discusses, in-depth, his participation and leadership in the “I, Too, Am OSU” campaign and the Solidarity March in 2014 – he discusses the campus climate, the impetus for the campaign and march, the administrative response, the behind the scenes planning, and the impact of his activism, as well as his support group and mentors. As a student who took an academic break and returned four years later, he has the unique perspective of learning that despite how powerful these movements felt in the moment, the same racist undertones exist on the campus. He expresses his thoughts regarding racist complacency, the concept of diversity within a university setting, and the lack of meaningful actions taken by university administrators.

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Happy Valentine’s Day from OSQA <3

20190214 v-day event poster

OSQA wishes you a very queer and very happy Valentine’s Day!

The craft center hosted a free Valentine’s Day card-making event inside the Memorial Union with the option of screen-printing a t-shirt for a fee of $10.00. To make this event more inclusive, poetry from queer poets of color and copies of images from queer comics that are part of the Thomas Kraemer collection were provided by the Oregon State Queer Archives. Poems by Audre Lorde, June Jordan, Angel Nafis and many others celebrate queer romance. The comic selections all depicted love between couples of same sex, interracial, and polyamorous types.

As soon as the event started, there was already a group of students waiting to start crafting! It was exciting to see so many students excited to make a gift to share with those they love or appreciate. One student exclaimed that he was amazed to see gay images included in the craft materials so he was going to spend most of his day making cards for all his friends. The inclusive message was also included in the screen printing with the option of printing “Love Trumps Hate” on purchased t-shirts.

Special thanks to Angie and Jules from the Craft Center for including the Oregon State Queer Archives!

See below for photos from the event…

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20190214 v-day pic 002

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20190214 v-day pic 003


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MLK Jr. Week Event ~ “African Americans Against the Bomb”


This MLK Jr Week, SCARC hosted the event “African Americans Against the Bomb” featuring longtime SCARC researcher, OSU instructor, and activist Dr. Linda Marie Richards.

Over 30 people were in attendance to hear Dr. Richards give a lecture featuring the histories of Indigenous Peoples and African Americans who were anti-nuclear weapons activists. She led a discussion about human rights and the 2017 UN Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, provided an update on the progress for the Treaty, and shared some of the arguments used in the past by Indigenous and African American leaders to “ban the bomb.” She then opened the space to facilitate conversation and listen to concerns among participants about social justice and the current nuclear arms race.

Richards is a historian of science and is currently working on her book manuscript, “Human Rights and Nuclear Wrongs.” She is the Co-PI on the National Science Foundation grant, “Nuclear Environments and the Downwinders Case” and teaches for the School of History, Philosophy and Religion.

For more information about this fascinating topic, check out the 2015 book African Americans Against the Bomb: Nuclear Weapons, Colonialism, and the Black Freedom Movement by Vincent J. Intondi.

Check out the event pics below!

Dr. Linda Marie Richards



Attendees in Discussion and Viewing Archival Documents



Archival Documents from SCARC’s History of Science and OMA Collections



Dr. Richards Speaking with an Attendee and Additional Materials for Attendees




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