The OMA represented all of the OSU Libraries at the event “Noche de Alma Latinoamericana Concert.” The event was hosted by Corvallis-OSU Piano International and other community partners. It was an all-Spanish language music and cultural event for the entire family. The evening offered a piano concert by William Villaverde and Fabiana Claure, youth music performances, folklore dancing, and art activities for everyone!
2:00 – 5:00pm: Community Resources & Activities Fair! (Gallery)
2:00 – 2:30 pm: Dancing Workshop. Open to all ages! (Gallery)
2:30 – 3:15 pm: Local talented young musicians concert (Stage)
3:15 – 3:45 pm: Dancers 4H and Alma Latina (Stage)
4:00 – 5:00 pm: Concert Piano Duo William Villaverde and Fabiana Claure (Stage)
5:00 – 5:30 pm: Pan dulce y champurrado (Mexican sweet bread and traditional mexican hot chocolate-like drink) (Gallery)
About the Pianist and Concert: Husband and wife Latin American pianists William Villaverde and Fabiana Claure will be presenting a musical program entitled “A Piano Journey Through Latin America”. Works include Bolivian Cuecas, Brazilian tangos, Cuban classical and jazz-inspired music, an original Latin-jazz composition, and the Bay Area debut of a 4-hands piano arrangement of Piazzolla’s Tango Suite. Having been together for 20 years as a couple and on stage, this dynamic duo will engage audiences through piano music and story-telling, taking them through an exciting journey of diverse cultural influences, historical context, and musical reflection.
The OSU Libraries Table:
The event attendees were predominantly community members so we shared information about our resources being open for use by the general public and how to get an OSULP Library Card. We had a spinner wheel with questions about the library for us to answer, candy, and free library goodies. Over 65 people, including lots of families, stopped by our table to learn all about what OSUL has to offer!
This event occurred due to the support of various organizations including:
As we celebrate Queer History Month, we invite you to join us in remembering and exploring histories of queerness at OSU, in Corvallis, and throughout all of Oregon. Here at the OSU Queer Archives, we have been busy expanding our ‘LGBTQ+ Histories In OSU’s The Barometer’ collection to include articles published in The Barometer during the 2000s. Below is a brief reflection on a few chosen pieces of history that occurred during this time.
As the 2000s began, Oregon witnessed a continuation of the Oregon Citizens Alliance’s (OCA) efforts to pass queerphobic and transphobic ballot measures. The OCA sponsored Ballot Measure 9 aimed to prohibit all public educational institutions from ‘encouraging or sanctioning homosexuality’. The Measure would be successfully defeated as a result of a coordinated statewide campaign which included local activism by members of groups like No on 9 Mid Valley, and students from Linn Benton Community College and Corvallis High School. In a timely piece published in The Daily Barometer, Dr Larry Roper reflected on the emotional harm inflicted on community members as a result of the campaign surrounding the ballot measure, and asking ‘How do we restore dignity that has been stripped? How do we reconstruct the humanity that has been assaulted?’ These questions remain pertinent today as we continue to observe high rates of violence targeting trans and gender non-conforming people of color, as LGBTQ+ peoples’ federal legal rights to employment are under threat in the Supreme Court and as queer and trans students (especially those belonging to communities of color) face significant barriers in accessing the education they deserve at our institutions of higher learning. As we celebrate the resilience of those who struggled before us and those who continue to struggle this Queer History Month, perhaps we must also consider how we can build connections between our communities that sustain us and propel us toward healing and justice.
Amid a climate of hostility towards LGBTQ+ people on
campus and in the community, this period also saw the emergence of demands for
a Queer Resource Center by a coalition of activists representing organizations such
as Rainbow Continuum, the Women’s Center, ASOSU Lesbian Gay Bisexual Task Force
and Circle of Friends. Despite vocal opposition by the College Republicans and
then Vice President of the ASOSU, this coalition would be successful in their
fight to establish a resource center housed in the Women’s Center. In the year
2004, the center would be renamed the ‘Pride Center’ and would move to its own
building located at 1553 SW ‘A’ Avenue where it continues to provide support
for queer and trans folks today.
Below are PDFs of the articles, organized by year, with a table of contents for each set of articles. If you desire to see a physical copy, the newspaper is available in printed and bound copies, as well as on microfilm.
Fresh of the digital press! The article “Partners in showcasing history: Activating the land-grant engagement mission through collaborative exhibits” co-authored by Anne Bahde, Tiah Edmunson-Morton, and Natalia Fernández is published in the journal Alexandria: The Journal of National and International Library and Information Issues. Alexandria focuses on national and international library and information (LIS) issues. It is concerned with LIS related concepts, policy and practice within all national collection institutions. The “Partners in Showcasing History” article is part of a set of articles on exhibition within special collections and archives.
Article Abstract: The land-grant university in the United States holds a special role in higher education, enacting the ideals of public education, scientific research and direct engagement with the citizens of the state. In this article, three curators from a land-grant university discuss how their exhibit curation work fulfills these ideals through three case studies on exhibit collaborations. By examining lessons learned from their collaborations with students and faculty, campus organizations and community groups, the authors offer suggestions for navigating exhibit partnerships and planning for future collaborations.
The third case study in the article “Case study 3: Partnership with community organizations” features the OMA’s collaboration with two performing arts organizations, Milagro Theatre and the Obo Addy Legacy Project, to curate the 2014 exhibit “Applause!”
Bahde, A., Edmunson-Morton, T., & Fernández, N. (2019). Partners in showcasing history: Activating the land-grant engagement mission through collaborative exhibits. Alexandria. https://doi.org/10.1177/0955749019876372
The Urban League of Portland hosted its annualEqual Opportunity Day Dinner on September 17, 2019. The theme for the evening was Celebrating Our Legacy: Honoring the Past and Preparing for the Future to commemorate the beginning of organization’s 75th year of service to African Americans and others in Oregon and Southwest Washington.
Each year, the OMA is delighted to attend to feature materials from the Urban League of Portland archival collection so dinner attendees can see highlights from decades past of how the organization has supported communities — support and empowerment provided through advocacy and civic engagement as well as youth, senior, health, and employment services.
Check out the photos of the display!
In addition, this year the OMA created a small display inspired by the evening’s theme celebrating legacy — a display of recent past presidents and well as “first” presidents.
A Legacy of Leadership: Urban League of Portland Presidents
Harmon Johnson, 2015 – present day
Raised in Northeast Portland and Salem, a product of the famed Catlin Gabel School and Harriett Tubman Middle School, Harmon Johnson received a Bachelor of Science in Business Administration from Florida A & M University, and a Master of Business Administration from Trinity University in Washington, DC. She earned her Juris Doctorate from Howard University School of Law. Harmon Johnson is a member of the Oregon State Bar and the District of Columbia Bar. Harmon Johnson served under former Oregon Governor John A. Kitzhaber, MD, as Communications Director from January to July 2014. She then returned to private life and her small business. Her husband, attorney Erious Johnson, is the Director of Civil Rights with Oregon Attorney General Ellen Rosenblum’s office. In 2015, Nkenge Harmon Johnson became the fourth woman CEO to lead the Urban League of Portland.
Alexander, 2012 – 2015
During his presidency, Alexander positioned the organization on solid financial, programmatic and management footing. Prior to the Urban League, he served in executive roles at Regence BlueCross BlueShield of Oregon, Magellan Behavioral Health, Human Affairs International and Aetna, including four years as vice president and executive director of the Aetna Foundation. Alexander received his bachelor’s degree from Lewis University in Illinois and graduate degree from Bryn Mawr College Graduate School of Social Work and Social Research in Pennsylvania.
C. Mundy, 2007 – 2011 (interim during 2006)
Mundy is a Los Angeles native who moved to Portland in
2000 when his late wife took a job at Nike. He worked in risk management for
the accounting firm KPMG and later became a vice president and regional
compliance officer for Kaiser Permanente. He is a graduate of Howard University
and the University of Oregon’s executive MBA program. Shortly after arriving in
Portland, Mundy joined the Urban League board. Mundy took over as president and
CEO in 2006. Mundy resigned from his position in 2011.
R. Gaston, 2003 – 2006
As president of the Urban League, Gaston focused the
league’s activities within a seven-year strategic plan that established and
tracked performance outcomes for programs; hired a professional staff to
deliver quality services to the community; and served as an advocate on
educational issues for youth, with particular attention to eliminating the
academic achievement gap. Prior to her work with the Urban League, she served
as associate superintendent at Washington Soldiers Home & Colony in Orting,
Wash. After departing form the Urban League, she accepted the position of
assistant director of social services for Clark County, Nevada.
L. Carter, 1999 – 2002
Margaret Carter is the first African American woman to hold elected office in the Oregon legislature. Carter was a Democratic member of the Oregon Legislative Assembly, in the Oregon House of Representatives, from 1985 to 1999 and then in the Oregon State Senate from 2001 to 2009. In 2009, she left the Senate to work as Deputy Director of the state’s Department of Human Services, continuing with the department until her retirement in 2014. Raised in Louisiana, Carter moved to Oregon in 1967. She earned her bachelor’s degree in Education from Portland State University in 1972 and a master’s in counseling from Oregon State University’s Portland-based program.
C. “Bill” Berry, First President, 1945 – 1955
Edwin Berry was born and raised in Ohio. In May of
1945, Berry moved to Portland and joined the Urban League of Portland. He lobbied
the Oregon legislature to adopt a Fair Employment Practices law and in 1949,
the legislature approved the measure, and Oregon became one of a handful of
states in the nation to have a law banning employment discrimination. He also
worked on the campaign for the adoption of a statewide Public Accommodations
law. In 1956, the Chicago Urban League offered Berry the position of executive
director, which he accepted.
Freddye Petett, First Woman President, 1979 – 1984
Through her early career in the Pacific Northwest, Petett worked in many community-based organizations as well as in state and local government. She was Portland mayor Neil Goldschmidt’s administrative assistant and Board Chair for the Housing Authority of Portland. In 1979, Petett became the first woman to lead the Urban League of Portland. Through her leadership, the organization’s headquarters moved out of downtown and into Northeast Portland. Petett left her position with the Urban League in 1984 and became Administrator of the Adult and Family Services Agency in 1987.
Until 2020 and the Urban League of Portland’s official 75th anniversary!
This week the OMA attended the first ever Library Diversity and Residency Studies (LDRS) Conference in Greensboro, North Carolina. The conference focused on Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion in libraries, including but not restricted to Library Diversity Residency programs. The conference was hosted by UNC Greensboro in collaboration with the ACRL Diversity Alliance and the Association of Southeastern Research Libraries (ASERL). The LDRS brought together individuals from academic and public libraries, LIS programs, and other interested groups.
Natalia Fernández, Curator of the Oregon Multicultural Archives & OSU Queer Archives, as well as the Supervisor of the OSULP Diversity Scholars Program (DSP), gave a presentation on the DSP as part of the panel “Best Practices in Establishing Library Diversity Residency Programs” – below are her presentation slides and notes…
My name is Natalia Fernández and I
am the supervisor of the Oregon State University
give you an overview of what I plan to share with you -– first, I will give
some local context for our program by sharing information about Oregon, Oregon
State University, the OSU Libraries, and about me. Then, the bulk of my
presentation will consist of information about the development and
implementation of the DSP, along with some of our challenges faced and lessons
learned, as well as our plans for the future.
According to Oregon’s 2018 population estimate, 26% of the people of living in the state identify as people of color. At OSU, in the 2018-2019 academic year, students of color accounted for just over 25% of about 31,000 students. The OSU Libraries main campus in Corvallis, with 2 branch libraries on the coast and in Central Oregon, employs over 70 Faculty/Staff, along with dozens of student employees. Both the state of Oregon and Oregon State University have a dark history in its treatment of people of color as well as LGBTQIA communities.
My primary job as the curator of the Oregon Multicultural Archives and OSU Queer Archives, a position which I have been in since late 2010, is to collaborate with LGBTQIA and communities of color to empower them to preserve, share, and celebrate their stories in an effort to both document that dark history and showcase the perseverance and accomplishments of these communities in their journey toward social justice. My work includes collection development, instruction, exhibit curation, reference, and other typical duties of an archivist. Additionally, as I mentioned earlier, I am the supervisor of the Diversity Scholars Program and the chair of the DSP Committee.
Within the state of Oregon there is no university with a masters in library science program. Over the years, our library has employed graduate students obtaining their MLIS degrees, either from hybrid or online-only programs, through paid positions as well as for-credit internships and practicums. However, prior to the DSP, our library had never proactively engaged in the recruitment and employment of MLIS students of color.
Our program aims to actively create a more diverse and inclusive Library Sciences field by providing extensive support and mentorship for students of color who are pursuing their MLIS degree online. The DSP provides a paid, hands-on experience within the profession to broaden the students’ opportunities after completion of their graduate degree. Established in 2015 and implemented in 2018, the program provides the scholars with experiences in the areas of their choosing, along with opportunities for professional development, scholarship, and service within an academic library setting.
Research ~ In
the spring of 2015 our University Librarian charged a team of three librarians
with investigating the options that the library had to create a diversity
resident librarian position. The library sought to create such a position to
promote diversity within our profession, reflect the changing demographics
among our students, and to increase opportunities for diverse candidates to
explore academic librarianship. The team examined what other academic research
libraries have done, spoke with diversity resident scholars, and reviewed the
The group wrote a white paper for the Library Administration Management and
Planning group that the University Librarian leads to document their findings
and offer recommendations about what might work best for our library. Based
upon feedback from current and former resident scholars, along with the makeup
within librarianship, the team decided to recommend the creation of a program
whose positions would support current and local MLS students of color, not
post-graduates. Our library administration agreed, and a
call went out to recruit volunteers for the next phase of the DSP creation
process. By November 2015, a DSP Committee had been
Development ~ DSP Committee members were especially inspired by April Hathcock’s 2015 article “White Librarianship in Blackface: Diversity Initiatives in LIS” in which she explains how diversity programs, especially the application process, are coded to promote whiteness, and the need to mentor early career librarians in both playing at and dismantling whiteness within the profession. We knew that we needed to think about the full cycle of the program: the recruitment and application process to encourage people of color to pursue a career in librarianship, the program experience itself to include a strong mentorship competent, support in the job search for program participants, and continued support in the post MLIS experience. In order to more fully develop our program ideas, the committee hosted a one time paid internship for the summer of 2016 to serve as a smaller scale version of how we envisioned the program. After that, we began meeting with our Human Resources contact to develop the position, secured funding from our university librarian, developed a position description, and began the promotion and recruitment process.
fully implement the program, the DSP Committee created a website, used an
internal wiki space to communicate and document activities, and created a
promotional brochure. The members of the committee represent the majority of
the departments in the library and serve as advocates for the program, as well
as mentors and personal contacts for the scholars. The committee works to
recruit potential future scholars and sends weekly updates to the library’s
administrative group to keep them excited and updated about the program.
program is set up so scholars have the opportunity to work a full 18 months in
the library. They work 30 weeks per 9 month appointment at 20 hours per week.
In addition to their salary, they receive $2500 in professional development
funds to attend conferences or other relevant activities.
Diversity Scholars position description is formatted in the same was as it is
for our tenure track librarians – they are expected to attend library-wide and
relevant departmental meetings, work on their scholarship, and serve on
committees. They each have their own cubicle space and are treated as
first Diversity Scholar just recently completed her 18 month appointment in the
program, our second scholar will begin her second 9 month appointment in
October, and our third scholar begins in October as well. All
three of the Diversity Scholars are Latinx women in their mid-to-late 20s, and
two of the three scholars were library student employees and OSU undergrads.
The first two scholars chose to focus on teaching and engagement, as well as
public services activities, and we know that our third scholar has an interest
The Diversity Scholars are expected
to engage in the primary assignment duties of an academic librarian. As examples, the scholars have
worked with students in the library’s writing studio, taught library
information sessions and workshops, tabled at events, worked the reference
desk, complied and analyzed library data, and participated in library wide as well
as relevant departmental meetings. As a part of developing their
scholarship, the scholars have attended
and presented at local Oregon
national ones like ALA, and even one international conference. They have also served on a variety
of library committees such as the library awards committee, search committees,
and the library employee association.
support our scholars, we make sure that they know that their MLIS studies come
first and they are strongly encouraged to use their work experiences for class
projects. And, we offer a flexible work schedule so they can best manage their
time. Scholars are given the opportunity to experience the full scope of an
academic library, working in all of our departments and meeting with
administrators. They are then able to determine their areas of focus. I meet
with the scholars on a weekly basis, and the other members of the DSP Committee
also meet with them informally.
experience that occurred with our first scholar – that we plan to duplicate
with the other scholars – is to mentor the scholars through the job search
process. Our first scholar used the majority of her last 10 weeks in the
program to apply for jobs and participate in job interviews. The Committee
reviewed her cover letters, prepped her for phone interviews, and edited her
on-campus presentation materials.
listed recruitment and salary together because they are very much intertwined.
While the position does include healthcare coverage, the salary is low,
especially for the cost of living in Corvallis. We have no funds to assist with
relocation costs so the Committee feels it would be a disservice to ask someone
to move to Corvallis with no promise of assistance with moving costs.
Therefore, our recruits have been students who are already living in the
Corvallis commuter area. Another challenge to recruitment is because there is
no in-state MILS program, the students we are recruiting into the profession
are having to pay out-of-state tuition costs. Therefore, it is essential for us
as a Committee to not only let students know of scholarship opportunities, but
to actively help them in the application process – which we have done with some
success. So far, our first two Diversity Scholars have been selected as ALA
of my personal pet peeves is when colleagues call the Diversity Scholars
“interns” since the program is structured to treat them as colleagues to our
academic librarians. However, the reality is they are not being paid at that
level so while we want them to have the same experiences of academic
librarians, it is essential for us to not use them to cover the duties of
someone at a much higher pay scale. We try to find the balance to this by
making sure that the activities and projects the Scholars take on are of their
choosing and help them in building the resume they want that will benefit them
in their future career.
challenge the program faces is that while it was always the long-term goal that
the DSP would build a cohort among the scholars, the reality is that so far,
between scheduling issues and difference in personalities, this has yet to
occur, but the program is still very new, so we hope that as we continue
building the program, this will occur in the future.
we are continuously working on developing and implementing meaningful
assessment – as of now, we ask the scholars to maintain reflective journals and
write self-evaluations of their work, and as their supervisor, I seek input
from their peers. But in terms of long-term assessment, the Committee feels the
true success of the program is whether or not the scholars find employment in
an area of their choosing, as well as the long-term retention of the scholars
in the profession.
terms of lessons learned, it has be incredibly important for us to secure and
sustain administrative support. Our program is in the position that is was a
top down initiative, so while we have the support of our university librarian,
it is still important for us to assess the program, write reports, and continue
to advocate for the scholars.
departmental buy-in has been key to the success of this program. I keep the
library’s administration, including department heads, updated weekly on the
program, and I meet both formally and informally with them to ensure the
projects and activities of the scholars in other departments are going well.
of my main priorities as the Diversity Scholars’ supervisor is to be their
advocate while also empowering them to advocate for themselves. I have
conversations with them about the politics of not only the inter-workings of
our library, but the professional as a whole.
lastly, one of our lessons learned has been for the need to practice strategic
and proactive recruitment. We have plans for this year to connect with various
groups on campus to speak directly with undergraduate students about the
possibility of working in libraries, archives, and other cultural heritage
institutions as a potential career path.
In terms of our plans for the future, we will continue to support and mentor our first Diversity Scholar and look forward to seeing what comes next for her, and we are excited to host our 3rd Diversity Scholar and begin recruitment for our 4th. As we have more people participate in the program, we hope to build a strong network among our Diversity Scholars. We are in conversation with our university librarian to secure permanent funding for the positions and raise the salary. In order to ensure the program’s sustainability, we need to expand the DSP Committee membership, especially to include representatives from all of our departments. Lastly, we plan to continue and expand the assessment of the program’s impact both for the library and for the scholars themselves.
To conclude, while we recognize that our program is only a small contribution to the profession, we see how it has a positive impact on our library, and most importantly, the lives of our diversity scholars.
The OMA was honored to be invited to the Benton County Historical Society 2019 Lecture Series to give a presentation titled “In Their Own Words: The Oregon African American Railroad Porters Oral History Collection” to an audience of over 50 attendees.
The presentation features the Oregon African American Railroad Porters Oral History Collection, shares the collection backstory and details of the 2015-2016 grant project to make the collection accessible, and showcases some of the interview content within the oral history interviews. The presentation was given by Natalia Fernández, the curator of the Oregon Multicultural Archives and OSU Queer Archives, and associate professor at Oregon State University. She gave a similar presentation in 2017 for the TRIAD Club at OSU; the presentation slides and notes are available online.
Earlier this summer, the Oregon Heritage Commission Coordinator invited the OMA to write a blog post for the Oregon Heritage Exchange (OHE) blog as part of an initiative to help heritage organizations start planning ahead for the 2020 Centennial of the Women’s Vote. Part of the initiative is a series of blog posts on the OHE blog about suffrage history and women’s history in general, and the OMA was specifically asked to write about the history of Hattie Redmond and the renaming one of OSUs buildings in her honor.
Natalia Fernández, Curator of the Oregon Multicultural Archives and OSU Queer Archives, invited Whitney Archer, Associate Director of OSU’s Diversity & Cultural Engagement and Center Director of the Hattie Redmond Women and Gender Center, to co-author the post. Fernández researched and wrote on Redmond’s history, and Archer focused on the significance of honoring Redmond with the renaming of Benton Annex to the Hattie Redmond Women and Gender Center. The post also includes a list of references and resources for further reading.
In 2018 the Oregon Encyclopedia invited the OMA to write an entry about Milagro Theatre, and it is now published! In honor of the bilingualism featured in many of Milagro’s plays, the OE entry is available in both English and Spanish (the first entry of its kind in the OE). The entry includes a brief history of the organization, along with information about its current endeavors.
For the fourth time, the OMA collaborated with the Ethnic Studies 553: Ethnohistory Methodology course taught by Professor Natchee Barnd. The students came to the archives to review OMA and OSQA materials, and visited the Benton County Historical Society archives as well, to conduct research regarding the histories of the OSU and Corvallis area’s traditionally marginalized communities. The 7 students researched and wrote 1-2 stories each, featuring various OSU and Corvallis area histories, and they complied them into a tour guidebook.
On Friday June 7th, about two dozen people, including the OMA and OSQA, gathered to attend an end of term tour given by the class. In addition to being impressed by the students’ excellent historical research and analysis, it was deeply moving to see how they interwove their personal stories into the narratives, thus bringing the archival stories even more meaning and impact for present day audiences. See below for information about the stories and photos from the tour. Additionally, be sure to check out the blog posts regarding the 2014 Tour and the 2016 Tour and the 2017 Tour.
The 7 authors and their stories:
The 13 Stories:
Dear Black Girls
Black History Tours
MEChA vs. Taco Bell
The 5 Tour Locations:
Photos from the Tour Led by the Students:
The tour began with the story “Dear Black Girls” about the lack of diversity within the OSU College of Forestry and the resilience of the Black women, including the author herself, who have been and are foresters.
The tour moved off campus to the corner of 9th Street and Monroe Ave to share the story of MEChA vs. Taco Bell ~ in 2004 the students of the organization in Corvallis, along with many from across the PNW, joined the national movement to boycott Taco Bell and support tomato pickers.
Professor Natchee Barnd at Crystal Lake Cemetery.
At Casa Latinos Unidos, the stories included Mi Familia, the annual OSU event to welcome Latinx students and their families,
the history of Dave Mann, the first Black football player at OSU,
and the history of Eugenics at OSU.
At the fifth and final location, the OSU MU Quad, the tour participants listened to a poem about women’s equality within athletics, and learned about Pearl Spears Gray, OSU’s Affirmative Action Director.
To conclude the tour, one of the students showcased the history of queer pride and activism in Benton County during the 1980s and 1990s, specifically the work of the Lesbian Avengers who advocated for the rights of the LGBTQ+ community.
It’s been about 5 years, and the OMA was delighted to collaborate once again with Professor Jean Moule on her course Sundown Towns in Oregon, based on the book Sundown Towns: A Hidden Dimension of American Racism by James W. Loewen. In 2012 and 2013, our partnership resulted in two small exhibits featuring the students’ research and research process. This year the students focused solely on their research papers – all of which will be added to the Jean Moule Papers (box 2 has past years’ student research on Sundown Towns in Oregon). As part of the class, the students engaged with archival materials from the OMA and visited the Benton County Historical Society. Additionally, a few times throughout the term, the OMA provided research guidance and engaged in discussions pertaining to the students’ research.
So, what is a Sundown Town?
A Sundown Town is “any organized jurisdiction that for decades kept African Americans or other groups from living in it and thus “all-white” on purpose…from about 1890 – 1968, white Americans established thousands of towns across the United States” (Sundown Towns, 4)
And, why is knowing about and understanding Sundown Towns important?
“Recovering the memory of the increasing oppression of African Americans during the first half of the twentieth century can deepen our understanding of the role racism has played in our society and continued to play today” (Sundown Towns, 16)
What did the students research and write about this year?
The 5 students in the spring 2019 course each selected a different town or topic pertaining to the history of Sundown Towns and racism in Oregon. Some students selected the towns where they grew up, learning a new facet of their hometowns’ history they never knew, and others selected to dive deeper into an issue that is particularly meaningful to them.
North Plains, Oregon
Philomath High School mascot controversy
Maternal Mortality and Racism in the US
The Research Papers…
The author of this paper lived in Albany for the majority of their life prior to attending OSU. Their research – using census data, the Albany Regional Museum, and secondary sources – led them to write about the town’s demographics, specifically the treatment of the Black and Chinese communities during the late 1800s / early 1900s; the creation of two separate high schools due Unionist and Segregationist views within the town’s population; and the presence of the KKK in the town.
North Plains, Oregon
The author researching North Plains also grew up in the town they selected. Their report included a discussion of the challenges of this type of research – lack of sources and lack of response from potential sources. They did, however, use census data and were able to connect with a local journalist, to find some information.
The student who researched Portland expressed their lack of knowledge regarding the history of displacement of the African American community, despite living in the city for two decades. They conducted research in the Oregon Historical Society research library and archives to explore the displacement history with Vanport, Albina, and Alameda as case studies. They interviewed their godmother who shared that the deed to her home included a clause prohibiting an African American to own the house. Additionally, they included various first person accounts from survivors of the Vanport flood in 1948.
Philomath High School mascot controversy
One of two topic (instead of town) based reports was about the Philomath High School mascot, the Warriors, and the controversy surrounding the school’s refusal to change the name. The student places the controversy in both state and local contexts, and includes images from Philomath High School yearbook pages from the 1940s and 1950s with descriptions and depictions of the mascot.
Maternal Mortality and Racism in the US
The other topic based report focused on a comparison between Oregon and Indiana’s maternal mortality rates, specifically those of Black women. Her research led her to better understanding the structural racism and implicit bias within the medical industry; the impacts of state laws and policies on women’s access to healthcare; and an interview with a Black female physician who used to work at Salem Hospital who shared various incidents of both microaggressions and outright racism while working for the hospital.