Diversity, difference, and social justice. Issues that are in the news and all around us, even in Lake County. Back in the days when Daly lived in Lake County, it may have seemed that there wasn’t much diversity. Many were Irish, but not everyone. Some came from the east, some from neighboring states, and after the Dustbowl, from Oklahoma. Among those who came from California was Sybil Harber – a black single mother who was a mid-wife. It’s said that she came to Lakeview on the recommendation of Bernard Daly. She arrived in Lakeview in the spring of 1888, just a year after Daly.
At the time, there were very few black people in Oregon, mostly because they weren’t welcome. As described in the Oregon Encyclopedia entry on Blacks in Oregon, there were two black exclusion laws. The first, adopted in 1844, mandated that blacks attempting to settle in Oregon would be publicly whipped, 39 lashes repeated every six months until they left the state. It was repealed in 1849, but a second exclusion law was then adopted. The first Oregon constitution, adopted in 1857 banned slavery but also made it illegal for blacks to be in Oregon, own real estate, make contracts, vote, or use the legal system. In other words, they couldn’t come as slaves or as free people. In the early 1900’s, Oregon had a well-established reputation as a hostile and dangerous place for blacks. At the time, Oregon had the largest Ku Klux Kan chapter west of the Mississippi. When Sybil Harber arrived in Lakeview, she was one of very few blacks in Oregon.
From all accounts, she was a welcome addition to the growing town of Lakeview. Jennie Carroll, curator of the Lakeview Museum said, “There was no hospital in Lakeview in the early 1900’s, so Aunt Sib’s nursery was not only for maternity cases but for sick people. In 1913 she helped nurse my own father for about three weeks. In fact, I think surgery was performed in her house. In talking to people they say she was kind and good, Nothing bad about her.”
In addition to being a mid-wife and caring for the sick, she did general housework for families and cooked on ranches. Later, she started a bakery but after the fire of 1900 changed it into a boarding house. Later she opened a nursery and operated it until 1915 when she suffered an injury and was hospitalized in Salem where she died on Armistice Day in 1918. Check out the photo of Sybil with Ted Conn, when he was a baby in her care.
Sybil’s son, Bert, who was 14 when they arrived in 1888, lived to be 93. One of Lakeview’s oldest residents, Bert was still working as the courthouse custodian when he was 75. Well liked in the community, Bert was known for his accurate memories of Lake County’s early days and people.
Sybil and Bert may have been “different” but they added much to the community, and so did many others from diverse backgrounds.
Justice for all…