References and Other Resources

Archibald, Catherine J. “Full Title Name:  Overview of the Recovery of the Gray Wolf Under the Endangered Species Act.” Animal Law Legal Center, Michigan State University, 2005,

Associated Press. “Oregon Court of Appeals Upholds Wolf Delisting.” U.S. News & World Report, U.S. News & World Report, 28 Nov. 2019,

Fish and Wildlife Service. “Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Removing the Gray Wolf (Canis Lupus.” Federal Register, 15 Mar. 2019,

Frank, Jacob W. “Gray Wolf.” Defenders of Wildlife, 2020,

Granshaw, Lisa. “Controversy: Should Gray Wolves Be Removed From Endangered Species List?” Vetstreet, 14 Oct. 2013,

Hendrick, P W. “Genetics of Metapopulations: Aspects of a Comprehensive Perspective.” Metapopulations and Wildlife Conservation, Island Press, 1996, pp. 29–52.

Hoffman, Austin, and Annie White. “History of Wild Wolves.” Mission: Wolf, 12 May 2018,

Mellgren, John. “Restoring Gray Wolves in Oregon.” Western Environmental Law Center, 2020,

Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife. “Oregon Wolf Conservation and Management Annual Report.” Oregon Fish and Wildlife, 2020,

Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife. “Wolves in Oregon.” ODFW Gray Wolves, 2020,

Oregon Fish and Wildlife Office. “OFWO – Gray Wolf.” U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, 2019,

Oregon Wild. “Wolves Come Home to Oregon.” Oregon Wild, 2019,

Spurr, Kyle. “Environmental Groups Lose Lawsuit against Wolf Delisting.” The Bulletin, 29 Nov. 2019,

Theen, Andrew. “Wallowa County: Dead Wolves, Cattle and the Open Range.” The Oregonian, 25 Oct. 2017,

Weiss, Amaroq. “Oregon’s Wolf Population Grows to 22 Packs, 158 Animals.” Center for Biological Diversity, 15 Apr. 2020,

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