A map of Emperor Justinian’s Pentarchy. In this version, almost all of modern Greece is under the jurisdiction of the Holy See of Rome. Emperor Leo III moved the border of the Patriarchate of Constantinople westward and northward in the 8th century
Pentarchy. (2020, May 03). Retrieved from

Picture shown is around 500AD. The Acaician schism lasted over 35 years between eastern and western churches over beliefs of Jesus being either divine or a Human.
Wikipedia. (2020, May 09). Acacian schism. Retrieved August 16, 2020, from

Unit II

The map of the eastern/western allegiances in 1054 with the former country borders
Wikipedia. (2020, August 15). East–West Schism. Retrieved from

Unit III

Map showing support for Avignon (red) and Rome (blue) during the Western Schism
Wikipedia. (2020, August 03). Western Schism. Retrieved from

Unit IV

period in the history of the Iberian Peninsula of about 780 years between the Umayyad conquest of Hispania in 711, the expansion of the Christian kingdoms throughout Iberia, and the fall of the Nasrid kingdom of Granada in 1492
Wikipedia. (n.d.). File:Reconquista (914-1492).svg. Retrieved August 13, 2020, from

Unit V

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