The most important topic I had learned in the class is job analysis. It is a process used to collect information about the duties, responsibilities, necessary skills, outcomes, and work environment of a particular job.
The job analysis will be carried as the following steps:
- Identification of the component tasks in a job-nature of work.
- Description of the sequence in which tasks are performed and the conditions under which these are performed—working conditions.
- Identification of the duties, responsibilities and hazards involved in the job.
- Decision on the abilities and skills required personnel demands.
Job Analysis plays an important role in recruitment and selection, job evaluation, job designing, deciding compensation and benefits packages, performance appraisal, analyzing training and development needs, assessing the worth of a job and increasing personnel as well as organizational productivity. For one, job analysis is the qualitative aspect of manpower requirements because it determines the demands of the job in terms of skills, qualities and other human attributes and facilitates the division of work into different jobs. For another, in order to hire a right person on the job, it is essential to know the requirements of the job and the qualities of the individual who will perform the job. The information regarding these two are procured from job description and job specification respectively and help the management in matching as closely as possible the job requirements with workers attitudes, abilities, interest etc. to facilitate the execution of employment projects. Furthermore, job analysis determines the levels of standard of job performance and helps administering the training development projects. Moreover, job analysis provides a basis for job evaluation, which aims at determining the relative worth of the job which in turn helps in determining the compensation of job. Also, job analysis data provide a clear-cut standard of performance for every job. Hence, the performance of employee can be assessed objectively with the standard of job performance. Job description, which in basically carried out on the basis of job analysis, can also helps the aspirates in ascertaining the job, for which they have the necessary ability and skills. Lastly, job analysis serves as the basis for resolving disputes relating to standards of performance expected of workers.