Writing Exercise #10

Prompt: Describe the process of peer review to someone who does not frequently read scientific articles. In your response, consider the pros and cons of peer review and how that might impact the credibility of the results that come from that scientific article.

The importance of the peer review process in scientific research is to prepare the type of writing for the audience you’re aiming for. It also allows data and information to be validated by other scientists in the same field reviewing the information and confirming validity. If the information is rejected, it will not be published and must be rewritten and resubmitted for peer review all over again. The process of peer review might fill in gaps that the paper might have or make it easier to read, as well as revising for errors. 

Pros
  • Allows validity based on scientific expert’s knowledge of the same discipline, which also prevents plagiarized work from being accepted.
  • Allows journal editors to isolate the most important research for publication from a group of papers based on the reviews of experts.
  • Peer review is the standard for most researchers, it allows for the researchers to revise and improve their work before actual publication.

Cons

  • It takes a lot of time and effort on both ends to review and make corrections.
  • Researchers debate as to whether peer review is very effective in finding errors in academic papers.
  • Partial and impartial bias can occur depending who peer review the papers.
  • It can cause lengthy delays in the dissemination of research findings

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