Hello Fellow Beavers and Beaver Fans.  I am excited to once again be a part of the DOSL Team.  This quarter, I will be working as part of the CSSA Transitions team to assist the incoming CSSA Cohort with their transition into the Program.  Specifically, I will be working on the 2013 CSSA Cohort Facebook group, providing important information about their next steps, making the move, getting acquainted to the program, and so on.  I also hope to facilitate dialogue between the members of the incoming cohort, so that they may begin to establish their cohort love.

But today, I have other things on my mind.  In light of all the global conflict that has made headlines in recent years, I am reminded once again about the fragility and difficulty of maintaining world peace.  It may sound like a cliché, but I want to bring about world peace, and I want to be a change agent that can make this world a better place.  I firmly believe that the best and perhaps the only way to do this, is by educating our future leaders and providing them with opportunities to see that people are people, regardless of their customs, beliefs, race, and other differences.  My career as an international educator has been driven by this belief, a philosophy that was instilled in me by the late Senator J. William Fulbright.  I’d like to share with you a little bit about this man and how his vision for world peace is as relevant today as it was when he first set about his work over 60 years ago.

J. William Fulbright, affectionately known as Bill Fulbright, is an important figure in American political history.  As the longest serving chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, he has been recognized for his tremendous contributions to international affairs and his profound influence on U.S. foreign policy.  The list of his accomplishments are endless, ranging from his resolution to support the U.S. participation in a peace-keeping mechanism that later became the United Nations to his principled dissent on the McCarthy hearings regarding communists and his objection to President Kennedy’s invasion of the Bay of Pigs.  However, the most notable is his vision for promoting mutual understanding among peoples of the world through an educational exchange program, the Fulbright program, which has gained international recognition for its contributions to world peace in the sixty plus years since its inception.

In the aftermath of World War II, Fulbright realized that misunderstanding, or a lack of understanding, was the root cause of strife among the peoples of the world.  Though a very simple concept, he proposed to educate our future leaders to understand that, in essence, people are people.  He advocated for the promotion of mutual understanding by providing opportunities for American youth to be exposed to other cultures and for youth from other cultures to be exposed to American culture.  This program, to borrow his words, is “a modest program with an immodest aim – the achievement in international affairs of a regime more civilized, rational and humane than the empty system of power of the past…Fostering these – leadership, learning, and empathy between cultures – was and remains the purpose of the international scholarship program.”1


I greatly admire Fulbright’s passion for world peace and his drive to educate our future leaders.  As someone who has spent most of her life in an international environment, I have always been keenly aware of the complexity of international relations.  Many of the conflicts faced around the world today are, I believe, due to a lack of understanding or communication.  The Fulbright Program has made an impact on this world by educating future leaders and fostering mutual understanding and cross-cultural communication.  Indeed, its alumni have contributed greatly to changing the global landscape, making it more peaceful.  Fulbright’s leadership is admirable and I am but one of many who have been moved by his vision, philosophy and dedication toward global peace.

In addition to his vision and passion for world peace, I deeply respect Fulbright for his dedication, perseverance and ingenuity.  Before the program could be implemented, Fulbright needed to find a means to fund his grand scheme.  He creatively amended the Surplus Property Act of 1944 to allow the State Department to dispose of surplus military supplies that had been left behind in foreign countries at the end of WWII.  Fulbright proposed “selling” these supplies to the foreign countries that could “purchase” them in exchange for assisting in the financing and/or administration of the exchange program that would allow its citizens to study in the U.S. and for U.S. citizens to partake in educational activities in their country.  Not only was this solution a creative one, but Fulbright expended great efforts and patience in convincing fellow congressmen to support this bill.   Furthermore, he presented it in a manner that did not give rise to much attention and therefore prevented any controversy over jurisdiction of the federal government in international education or concerns about the possible costs to American tax payers.  Thus, Fulbright’s creativity, wit and persistence helped pass the bill which paved the way for one of the world’s largest and most effective international educational exchange programs.

“Educational exchange can turn nations into people, contributing as no other form of communication can to the humanizing of international relations… I do not think educational exchange is certain to produce affection between peoples, nor indeed do I think that is one of its necessary purposes; it is quite enough if it contributes to the feeling of a common humanity, to an emotional awareness that other countries are populated not by doctrines that we fear but by people with the same capacity for pleasure and pain, for cruelty and kindness, as the people we were brought up within our own countries.”2   In these words lay the key to social change.  J. William Fulbright was a man with a vision and the foresight to take a simple concept and make it into a driving force that has helped make this world a better place.  I am humbled and honored to have had a role, though very small, in working with this great program and carrying on the legacy of this great leader whom I truly respect.

For more information about the Fulbright program, please visit the U.S. Dept. of State website at http://eca.state.gov/fulbright

Written by: Marigold Setsuko Holmes, DOSL Intern, Spring 2013



1 J. William Fulbright, The Price of Empire

2            J. William Fulbright, Speech before the Council on the International Exchange of Scholars, Washington, D.C., 1983


I write the Holidays and Holy Days blog to educate the OSU community about significant religious and spiritual observances. Tuesday was Yom Haatzma’ut, Israel’s Independence Day that celebrates the establishment of the State of Israel on May 14th, 1948. I hesitated to write the Holidays and Holy Days blog post to honor this Israeli holiday when religious turmoil was making front-page news after the Boston Marathon Bombing.

In the hours following the blast, a Saudi man was arrested because he was seen running away from the blast. Meanwhile my Muslim friends flooded social media with the plea, “Please don’t let the attacker be a Muslim.” The Westboro Baptist Church announced their plan to shout at victim’s funerals because they think the bombing was a result God’s wrath for legalizing gay marriage in Massachusetts. One terrible act of violence was followed by more acts of hate and violence.

The Israel and Palestine region is an international symbol of religious conflict. When the United Nations General Assembly declared the Establishment of State for Israel in 1948, diaspora Jews around the world celebrated but the surrounding Arab states marched their troops into the area in protest of western politics determining the geographic and political structure of Palestine.

For other citizens of Israel, Yom Haatzm’ut is regarded as “al-Nakba,” meaning the “Day of Catastrophe.” Nakba recognizes the Palestinian bloodshed that occurred during the decision to make Israel and independent state. Currently, legal action can be taken against Palestinian communities holding Nakba events in Israel.

Muslims, Jews, and Christians are all descended from the historical figure of Abraham, and each of these religious communities regard the geographical location of Israel and Palestine as a holy land for their spiritual traditions. Claims on this strip of desert land have historical centuries of religious turmoil. Today, many who are invested in the conflict believe that the only solution is to divide the property into two independent states. Many Jewish, Muslim, and Christian residents of Israel are convinced that peace and resolution cannot be accomplished under the current political framework.

For some of our OSU community, Israel’s Independence Day is a time of celebration. For some, it is a day of mourning and sorrow. For others, it is a symbol of the need for interfaith dialogue, relationship, and conversation. I am not claiming that simple conversations can solve this ancient conflict, or that one conversation can prevent future violent acts like what happened in Boston this week. But I do believe that violent acts only invite more violence.

I believe that the only way to combat violence is through peaceful relationships that prioritize intentional interfaith literacy between friends. I have experienced that once friendships are formed between Muslims and Jews, Christians and LGBTQ individuals, the bond of friendship permits people to understand the other’s perspective. Friends join alongside one another to fight injustice and violence.

Traditions and Rituals of Yom Haatzma’ut:



Feasting at picnics or barbecues

Official ceremony held on Mount Herzl

Lighting twelve torches that signify the Tribes of Israel

Outdoor performances

International Bible Contest in Jerusalem

Israel Defense forces open some of its bases to the public

Israeli flags for decorations

Reading scripture

Reciting Hallel


Traditions and Rituals of Nakba:

Visiting sites of destroyed Palestinian villages

Speeches and rallies on the West Bank, Gaza, and Palestinian refugee camps


Additional Resources:

Yom Haatzma’ut






Israel-Palestine Conflict



Interfaith work



Hello Everyone!

My name is Jeffrey Tsang, I am a 3rd year undergraduate student studying Human Development & Family Sciences with an option in Human Services. This term will mark my first full year as an intern in the Office of the Dean of Student Life. I specialize in special projects and initiatives the office. This term I will be focusing on the Everyone Matters @ OSU campaign and relaunching it in the Fall. I will also be revamping our College Student Services Administration program website. I will also be developing a Photo Project for First Year Experience next year. I am usually the go to person for project in the office, so I get a lot of exposure to different things.

On campus, I work with University Housing & Dining Services as the Late Night & Leadership Program Assistant. I plan After Dark with a team of enthusiastic individuals from Rec Sports and the Student Events & Activities Center. I also do leadership development workshops for student staff and hall councils. I provide advising for large scale programs/events and risk management.

I am also part of the the NASPA Undergraduate Fellows Program. I had a pleasure and opportunity to go to Orlando, Florida for the annual conference. Look at our group!

It’s Saturday, April 13 and I just wrapped up with the #SAtechOR unconference! More to come about that later… stay tuned!

This blogpost series is called Holidays and Holy Days to inform our OSU community about significant religious and spiritual observances.  If you know of a significant holiday or holy day coming up, please communicate the information to Hannah Pynn hannah.pynn@oregonstate.edu in the Dean of Student Life office.

April 13th, 2013 is the Sikh holiday of Vaisakhi.

Happy Vaisakhi!



The celebration of Vaisakhi, also called Baisakhi, is the Sikh New Year harvest festival and commemorates the founding of the Sikh community. Baisakhi began as a harvest festival in the India region of Punjab but became a significant Sikh holiday in 1699. Sikh’s have a long history of standing up against tyranny and oppression against humankind, to defend the defenseless.

While celebrating the Vaisakhi harvest festival in 1699 Guru Gobind Singh Sahib, asked if five people would be willing to die for the sake of their religion, to defend humanity by becoming a Saint-Soldier. Guru Gobind Singh Sahib asked this question while holding a sword in his hand and five men stepped forward, expecting to give their lives on the spot. Guru Gobind Singh Sahid baptized these men and began the group of Khalsa.

The Sikh religion commemorates the first five men who comprised the Khalsa with five symbols called five Ks. The five Ks include the Kesh(uncut hair), the Kangha (comb), the Katchera (underwear), the Kara (steel ring), and the Kirpan (sword).

Happy Baisakhi!


Baisakhi is also celebrated by Hindus and Buddhists since the harvest festival began as a Punjab regional holiday and New Year. Hindus celebrate this New Year by bathing in the Ganges River for ritual baths that honor the Goddess Ganga who descended to earth thousands of years ago.

In Kerala, another region in India, the festival is called “Vishu” which means “equal” in Sanskrit and commemorates the vernal equinox. In Assam, another part of India, the festivalis called Bohag Bihu, where the first crops of the season are offered in hopes of peace and prosperity in the coming year.

Buddhists celebrate Vaisakha as a remembrance of the Awakening and Enlightened Passing Away of Buddha Bautama, who was born as the Indian Prince Siddharta.



  1. Dancing the traditional Bhangra, a strenuous dance that tells the story of the agricultural process
  2.  Sikh devotees generally attend the Gurdwara (place of worship) before dawn with flowers and offerings
  3. Processionals through town
  4. Sikh baptisms
  5. New clothes
  6. Fireworks
  7. Feasting and gift-giving

Additional Resources







Published in the Oregon State University Daily Barometer 4/12/2013

Change the World Through Interfaith Relationships

By Hannah Pynn

Religiously diverse individuals getting along is not captivating news. Everyone loves drama and polarized religious opponents happily provide it: Christians scream LGBTQ hate on the quad, atheists write letters to the editor that trivialize all believers, and Socratic Club debates pit scientists and theologians against each other. Although these passionate actions can stimulate our thoughts about religious extremism, do they cultivate relationships across boundaries of difference?

Chris Stedman, the Assistant Humanist Chaplain at Harvard and author of Faitheist, came to OSU recently to lecture on the importance of interfaith relationships and about 30 people showed up. Tonight, 400+ people packed Milam for a Socratic Club debate to see theologians argue with each other. I asked Stedman why more people did not see interfaith relationships as an important cause and he replied, “Interfaith work is not sexy.”

Every major news source features international conflicts that have religious motivations, demonstrating that religious difference often fuels disagreement. Many of us sit in classes with international students from religious states or we have plans to study abroad in countries that have a different religious history than the US. As students today, we will be leaders in global decisions tomorrow. Religious literacy is greatly needed as we enter into the professional world. But is religious literacy enough?

What are we doing to better understand one another’s values, morals, and ethics? Religious rhetoric is a driving force in shaping decisions about marriage equality, gun control, and abortion in our own country. Don’t we need to understand the personal narratives and ethical motivations of our classmates and future business colleagues to fix problems in our world?

We need more interfaith relationships where I can ask my friend Fatemeh why she is motivated by her Muslim identity to blog about women’s rights. Interfaith relationships allow me understand the ethical motivations of my atheist friend Harrison who travels with Patch Adams to spread joy to sick kids. Creating relationships that discuss personal values and spiritual backgrounds binds me together with people who believe very different things from me. It’s more than religious literacy, it’s personal. Relationships help me understand my friends so that I can work alongside them toward social justice.

Diana Eck, founder of the Pluralism Project, says we are living in the most religiously diverse country in history. In this religiously diverse country that values religious freedom, our generation needs to be the leaders in interfaith relationships and understanding. The global problems of clean water, poverty, nuclear weapons, and sustainability are our responsibility. When we understand the importance of these problems through the lenses of our religiously diverse relationships, we can solve these crises better together. Common humanity can heal the world, not just be dramatic news.

After the Socratic Club debates or the yelling Christians in the quad, start conversations about how diverse religious communities can come together to work toward peace and understanding. Listen to others and share your story, you could be the start of an interfaith movement.

This blogpost series is called Holidays and Holy Days to inform our OSU community about significant religious and spiritual observances.  If you know of a significant holiday or holy day coming up, please communicate the information to Hannah Pynn hannah.pynn@oregonstate.edu in the Dean of Student Life office.

March 31st, 2013 is the Christian and Catholic holiday of Easter.

Eastern Orthodox Christianity celebrates Easter on May 5th, 2013. 

Happy Easter!



The celebration of Easter is a time for Christians to remember the resurrection of Jesus, who Christians believe to be fully God and fully human. According to the New Testament in the Bible, Jesus was put to death and physically raised from the dead three days later. Christians believe this action to be the defining moment in history, that all time had pointed to this moment, and that Jesus’ defeat of death represents new life for all who believe in His divinity. Jesus self-identified as being the Son of the Abrahamic God and claimed that His death reconciled man’s division from God.

Easter is celebrated by western Christianity and Catholicism according to the lunisolar patterns on the Gregorian calendar. The moveable date for Easter was established in 325CE by the First Council of Nicaea to be on the first Sunday after the full moon following the March equinox. Eastern Orthodox Christian traditions are set according to the Julian calendar, which has a 13-day difference from the Gregorian calendar. The precise date of when Jesus rose from the dead is not conclusive by scholars, therefore Easter is celebrated as a moveable feast.












Easter is recognized by Christians as the most important Christian holiday. The 40 days leading up to Easter are observed as Lent, a solemn time of remembrance of Jesus’ sacrifice and love for all people. The week before Easter is called Holy Week that celebrates the last few events of Jesus’ life before He was unjustly killed and rose from the dead. Holy Week recognizes the events of Palm Sunday, Maundy Wednesday, Maundy Thursday, Good Friday, and Holy Saturday. Each of these days reflects events recorded in the Christian Bible about the plots to kill Jesus, Jesus’ anticipation and willingness to sacrifice Himself, His betrayal, the trial of Jesus, the torture of Jesus, the unjust killing of Jesus as a common criminal, and the burial of Jesus.

Because of historical connections to the lunisolar calendar, many Easter traditions are derived from Pagan traditions that celebrate the changes during the spring equinox. Eggs and rabbits are fertility symbols that Christians adopted from the Germanic pagan goddess of the dawn, Ēostre. However, many symbols of new life also remind Christians of the open relationship they can have with God as a result of Jesus taking on the punishment that they deserve.

Pope Francis



  1. Attending midnight or sunrise church services
  2. Symbols include: red or colored eggs, lilies, empty tombs, crosses, candles
  3. Music, singing, and dancing to joyfully remember new life because of Jesus
  4. Celebratory processionals
  5. New clothes
  6. Meals shared with family and friends
  7. Lamb served as the main course representing Jesus as the sacrificed innocent lamb

Additional Resources






This blogpost series is called Holidays and Holy Days to inform our OSU community about significant religious and spiritual observances.  If you know of a significant holiday or holy day coming up, please communicate the information to Hannah Pynn hannah.pynn@oregonstate.edu in the Dean of Student Life office.

March 27th, 2013 is the first day of Holi, the Hindu Festival of Colors.


Holi (pronounced HO-LEE) is the Hindu spring festival also called the “Festival of Colors” and is observed primarily in India and Nepal but is celebrated by Indians and Hindus worldwide. Holi is a time that celebrates the beginning of spring and commemorates the vibrant colors that come after winter. The highlight of Holi is when people throw colorful scented powder and perfumed water at each other. Depending on the geographical location, Holi is celebrated anywhere between 2-16 days.

Social boundaries of class, religion, gender, age, and caste are lowered during Holi and everyone enjoys an exciting and joyful atmosphere. The end of the festivities are marked by lighting bonfires to remember the mythological Hindu significance of the holiday. Although Holi has ties to Hindu mythology, it is generally regarded as the least religious festival and has developed as a seasonal holiday that prioritizes bridging social differences.

Happy Holi!


The celebration of Holi is recounted in Hindu sacred texts as a remembrance of several stories. The first is the miraculous story of Prahlada. Prahlada was the son of the king of the Demons, Hiranyakashipu, but Prahlada was a devoted follower of the Hindu god Lord Vishnu. Prahalada’s commitment to Vishnu angered Hiranyakashipu and he attempted to kill his son. In one attempt Prahlada was forced to sit in a fire with his sister Holika, but Holika burned to death and Prahlada survived and was unharmed.

The second story celebrated during Holi is the love play of the divine couple, Radha and Krishna. Radha’s mother suggested he smear any color he wanted on Krishna’s fair complexion to communicate his love for her in a playful manner. Today, young lovers communicate their affection to one another with the same lighthearted gesture during Holi.

The third mythological story of Holi is another deity love play of the Goddess Parvati who tries to win the heart of Lord Shiva. Parvati invoked the help of Kamadava, the Indian cupid-god, who shot a love-arrow on Shiva’s heart. Lord Shiva reacted to the love-arrow by opening his third eye in anger and incinerated Kamadeva. Upon realizing his mistake, Lord Shiva granted Kamadeva immortality for the sake of his sacrifice in dying for love. Today, Holi traditions acknowledge this story by offering sandalwood paste and mango blossoms to Kamadeva to soothe his burns.


  1. Throwing colored powder and water at everyone
  2. Water balloons or water guns full of scented or colored powder
  3. Music, singing, and dancing outside
  4. Sandalwood bonfires
  5. Perform traditional love plays
  6. Collecting firewood in weeks leading up to Holi
  7. Food offerings to the gods
  8. House cleaning for the coming spring

Additional Resources






This blogpost series is called Holidays and Holy Days to inform our OSU community about significant religious and spiritual observances.  If you know of a significant holiday or holy day coming up, please communicate the information to Hannah Pynn hannah.pynn@oregonstate.edu in the Dean of Student Life office.

March 26th, 2013 is the Zoroastrianism holiday Khordad Sal.


Khordad Sal is the Zoroastrian celebration of the birth of Zoroaster, the founder of the Zoroastrianism religion. The holiday is specifically celebrated in India and Iran, immediately following the Persian new year, Noruz. Zoroaster is credited as being the author of the Zoroastrian texts, the Gathas, which are religious liturgical hymns.


The Gathas contain references to Zoroaster’s triumphs over personal obstacles, family history details, and accounts of spreading his teachings. Zoroaster was born into a family of priests and experienced his first illumination from Ahura Mazda, the highest deity of Zoroastrianism, at the age of 30.

Zoroaster’s doctrine was based on human’s mental struggle between truth and lie, for the purpose of sustaining truth, creation, existence, and free will. The central ethics of the faith are based on “Good Words, Good Thoughts, and Good Deeds.”


  1. Parties
  2. Prayers at sacred Fire Temples (fire representing purity, God’s light, and wisdom)
  3. Brightly colored folk art decorate homes called Rangoli
  4. New clothes are worn by everyone
  5. Flowers decorate homes
  6. Sharing a grand feast with family and friends
  7. Reflect on lives and actions
  8. Make resolutions for the future

Additional Resources







This blogpost series is called Holidays and Holy Days to inform our OSU community about significant religious and spiritual observances.  If you know of a significant holiday or holy day coming up, please communicate the information to Hannah Pynn hannah.pynn@oregonstate.edu in the Dean of Student Life office.

March 26th, 2013 is the beginning of Passover/Pesach (beginning at sundown the night before).

Chag sameach (Happy Holiday)


Passover is a seven day (8 days for Jews not in Israel) Jewish holiday that commemorates the liberation of the Jewish people from slavery in ancient Egypt 3,300 years ago. The Bible tells the story of the Jewish people enslaved in Egypt for centuries who were then freed by God through the leadership of the prophet Moses. God inflicted 10 plagues on the Egyptians to demonstrate his holiness and power to the Pharaoh who did not believe in monotheism. The tenth plague was the death of all the first-borns (humans and animals) in Egypt. The Israelites were instructed to mark their homes with the blood of a slaughtered lamb and then to eat the lamb for their evening meal. This act demonstrated ultimate trust in God to pass over Hebrew families and not inflict this plague on their families. Overcome with grief for his own first-born son, the Pharaoh acknowledged God and released the Israelites from slavery.



Tradition states that the Israelites were in such a hurry to leave Egypt that they did not wait for bread dough to rise. To commemorate their flight, only unleavened bread is eaten during Passover, which is also called “The Festival of the Unleavened Bread.” Mazo bread is a symbol of the holiday. Biblical instructions for the original Passover meal are still followed by Jewish tradition today. Messianic Jews and some Christians also observe Passover.

Remembering God’s actions of saving his people is an important tenant of this holiday: “For seven days eat bread made without yeast and on the seventh day hold a festival to the Lord. 7 Eat unleavened bread during those seven days; nothing with yeast in it is to be seen among you, nor shall any yeast be seen anywhere within your borders. 8 On that day tell your son, ‘I do this because of what the Lord did for me when I came out of Egypt.’ 9 This observance will be for you like a sign on your hand and a reminder on your forehead that this law of the Lord is to be on your lips. For the Lord brought you out of Egypt with his mighty hand. 10 You must keep this ordinance at the appointed time year after year.” (Exodus 13:6-10)

Matzo bread


  1. Passover Sedar meal (Click here to read more!)
  2. Burning chametz (leavening ingredients) to remove all of it from the home
  3. Cleaning the whole house, to make the house kosher
  4. Eating lamb for Sedar, all meat of the lamb must be consumed before morning
  5. Baking matzo in the weeks before Passover
  6. Fast of the Firstborn
  7. Sedar is celebrated in the home, rather than the synagogue
  8. Inviting guests to the Sedar meal
  9. Hallel and Nirtzah – songs of praise, thanksgiving, and re-dedication in remembrance of liberation
  10. Sedar traditions are meant to peak the interest of children and engage them in the rituals

Additional Resources





This blogpost series is called Holidays and Holy Days to inform our OSU community about significant religious and spiritual observances.  If you know of a significant holiday or holy day coming up, please communicate the information to Hannah Pynn hannah.pynn@oregonstate.edu in the Dean of Student Life office.

March 24th, 2013 is Palm Sunday, the beginning of Holy Week before Easter.

Palm Sunday



Palm Sunday marks the Sunday before Easter and begins the week-long observance of Holy week in all Christian and Catholic traditions. Palm Sunday is also celebrated in Orthodox Christianity, but is celebrated on April 28th, 2013 in accordance with the Orthodox calendar.

Palm Sunday recognizes the day that Jesus entered into Jerusalem about a week before he was executed. Crowds waved palm branches and laid the branches on the ground to create a path for him into the city. Citizens of Jerusalem celebrated Jesus’ entry by saying, “Hosanna!” “Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord!” “Blessed is the king of Israel!”  (John 12:13) These actions and words signified the belief that Jesus would rise to political power as a religious king sent by God. 


This holiday is often celebrated as solemn holiday, marking the days leading up to the betrayal of Jesus, and his execution at the end of the week. But there is hope in remembering that Jesus raised from the dead a week later on Easter. Some celebrate this holiday joyfully, remembering that Jesus was not a political leader, but has risen from the dead and defeated the effects of sin and death.

Although Jesus was expected to rise in political power, Jesus did not use force or political authority. Religious leaders and political powers feared the influence Jesus had on the masses. Jesus quietly rode on a humble donkey into the city still drew crowds of followers, but this marked the beginning of plots to kill Jesus to remove his influence by his radical ideas of God’s love and grace.

  1. Palm Branches in church services
  2. Donkey processionals
  3. Holy water used as a blessing
  4. Recounting the word “Hosanna”
  5. Saving the palm branches to be burned for next year’s Ash Wednesday
Additional Resources