Outline Lecture #1 Spring 2017

Chemical Foundations of Biochemistry

Introduction

  • Basic Theme – Organisms are comprised of simpler components, ultimately molecules
  • Chemical Foundations – HERE
  • Biomolecules and Early Earth HERE
  • Biological Macromolecules – HERE / HERE
    • Templates – HERE
    • Self-Replicating Molecules – HERE
  • The Role of Membranes – enclosure

Biological Classification

  • Five Kingdoms – Fungi, Plants, Animals, Protists (unicellular eukaryotes), and Monera (prokaryotes)
  • Three Domains – HERE
  • Prokaryotes vs Eukaryotes – TABLE
  • Bacteria – HERE
  • Extremophiles HERE
  • Eukaryotic Cells – Animal / Plant
  • Cytoskeleton – HERE
  • Organelle Functions – TABLE

Energy

  • Phosphates – HERE HERE
  • Energy Transitions – Converting chemical potential energy to energy for biochemical work
  • Biological Energy Transformations – HERE
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