Birth Control Pills are one type of contraceptive medication. Family planning tablets are a form of chemical medications that contain estrogen or progestin. If you consistently take your pill according to the package instructions, the pill is generally safe, effective, and affordable. In addition to stopping pregnancy, birth control pills have many other health advantages. Some studies show that birth control tablets can help lower cholesterol, lower blood pressure, prevent or treat acne, lower levels of depression, reduce the risk of some cancers, improve lung function, lower levels of diabetes, prevent heart disease, and help with weight loss. The most significant advantage of birth control pills is that they do not increase the risk of sexually transmitted infections. However, an outbreak of an STD can be severe, even life-threatening, so it’s essential to use protection when having sex and be tested regularly for chlamydia, gonorrhea, or trichomoniasis. Condoms Many women choose to use condoms during vaginal intercourse to prevent pregnancy. Condoms prevent pregnancy in several ways: They cover the cervix, leading the vagina to produce more mucus than usual, thereby preventing fertilization. Latex kills a lot of sperms. Because the condom covers the cervix, the chance of being infected with cervical cancer is reduced. Spermicide Spermicide or Contragel is another commonly used method to prevent pregnancy. Spermicide works by stopping the production of sperm. The sperms are then disposed of through a urinary tract infection. A spermicide is also used to reduce the chances of a woman becoming pregnant while on a contraceptive pill. There are some cons to spermicide as well. Spermicide is toxic to both the mother and child. Also, it can cause stomach upset or nausea, especially if used during a time when the woman is pregnant. This is a rare side effect because most spermicides are progestin-based. Progestin-based birth control methods are less toxic than other methods. Silicone Diaphragm Another method to avoid pregnancy is using a silicon diaphragm. These are available over the counter from Canada. What is a diaphragm? A shallow saucer-shaped cup that is bent in half and inserted in your vagina to cover your cervix while having sex. Use a contraceptive gel such as Caya gel with the diaphragm for better safety!. Copper IUD A copper IUD (intrauterine device) can prevent pregnancy. The copper ions in the device interfere with the hormone that is released from the ovary. This copper IUD can either be an IUD inserted into the uterus or an outpatient procedure using a plastic tube. This copper IUD is inserted into the uterus, where it acts as a spermicide. Eventually, the copper ions will dissolve away, leaving the uterus and fallopian tubes clear. A blood clot may form in the uterus if you are taking blood thinners to prevent pregnancy. This is why women who are on blood thinners should not take combination pills containing copper. Interferon, another birth control pill, may also cause a blood clot. This usually clears up within a few weeks. Some doctors recommend the use of an intrauterine device, even after a woman has been sterilized. The doctor may think this is not safe unless the woman has not had a tubal ligation or a pregnancy in five years. With that being said, there is still no need to assume that birth control pills will affect your pregnancy. It’s best to talk with your doctor. To ensure your pregnancy is unaffected, do not start taking any birth control pills before your doctor gives you the all-clear. Many doctors say this is best for those starting a new type of treatment and those with past pregnancy issues. Women who have recently miscarried can take a wait-and-see attitude. This is especially true if they are taking hormone pills. Most doctors do not recommend taking interuterine devices until it is confirmed that you have conceived. This is due to the risks involved with surgery. The procedure is also costly. There are also chances that the fallopian tube will close after a tubal ligation while a woman is pregnant. The fallopian tube is opened before pregnancy to allow the baby to pass through. Another birth control option that some women don’t consider is using a condom. Many argue that condoms do not work because the semen of men does not travel up the condom in the same way that the spermicide in a birth control pill does. If there were only one way to prevent pregnancy, then surely everyone would do it. However, this is not necessarily the case. Using a condom does reduce the rate of intercourse and is a deterrent to intercourse. When a man ejaculates and the spermicide reaches the egg first, the egg gets mixed with the sperm, entering the uterus, where it fertilizes the egg. The male condom prevents the sperm from mixing with the egg and thus prevents pregnancy. Using a male condom is often the only way to eliminate spermicide and egg inside the vagina. While there are other alternatives, such as a male contraceptive patch or gel, if a couple is trying to become pregnant and cannot use a male condom, an egg might get accidentally fertilized with spermicide, resulting in an ectopic pregnancy.