7.5*10^11 tons of ice/year

Scotsman Ice Machine Error Codes | Parts Town

The Ice Watch gives people a very real and personal experience with climate change. This art piece was one of the most influential to me personally just because you could physically see the change happening in front of you. The art is somewhat science based because it is an actual piece of ice, but it is primarily aesthetic. The art can easily make people reflect on climate change just by looking and realizing that even these small piece of ice melt very fast and that the ones we can’t see much be melting so much quicker. I think this is also a huge tool for awareness because most people wouldn’t have any idea what the numbers mean or even able to fathom how fast ice is melting. This brings the issue straight to the people so people don’t have to seek out the issue which is difficult for most. It is also a call to discussion because of the nature of this art which is very impactful and different, so people will start to think and have an example when talking about climate change. This art doesn’t have a direct call to action, but I can see many people changing their behaviors because it is so influential and profound. The art itself will melt anyways  so that doesn’t have any environmental impact, but the collecting of the ice would use some sort of machine that would likely produce carbon emissions. In the end, I do think that the impact out ways the environmental cost of showing the art even if it is a one time thing.


-Russell Fitch

Toxins in rivers in Ohio and a fun thing you can do with them

I read the article “Painting with Toxic Sludge”. Essentially, an artist in Ohio is using pollutants in local rivers to produce paints. By producing these paintings with these paints, the artist hopes to raise awareness of the prevalence of pollutants in our environment, and instigate a conversation on developing unique ways to tackle this pollution problem.

The artist is collaborating with an environmental ecologist on this project. They have developed a way to collet the polluted water, neutralize the pH and separate out the clean water from the pollutants. Then, the pollutants can be used to make paint, so there is scientific undertones to the art pieces. The pieces are also very aesthetically pleasing though.

I think the art can definitely be used as a way to raise awareness about negative impacts of pollutants in ecosystems, without focusing on the negative impacts. Instead, a creative solution is focused on instead, so it is a lot more hopeful.

The artist does not necessarily lead a “call for action”, but he does frequently discuss the importance of addressing pollution in natural ecosystems.

Currently, many dyes used in paints are produced in China. The cost of heavy industrialization and large scale transport is detrimental to the environment. Producing these dyes locally would have a lot lower carbon footprint. Producing these dyes from pollutants in the environment also serves to clean-up natural areas, while also raising awareness of the prevalence of pollutants in natural systems.


“Glass,” from Chris Jordan’s series “Intolerable Beauty: Portraits of American Mass Consumption.”

Photographer Chris Jordan uses art to draw attention to mass consumption in our society. Global statistics about climate change are easy to read about, but hard to really comprehend. “When we actually see a physical, visual depiction of that quantity, it blows our mind every single time because we actually weren’t comprehending that number at all,” Jordan said.

Jordan’s work draws attention to environmental issues by attempting to give a sense of magnitude. Though his artwork is aesthetic, Jordan seems to use it to garner support for science. Jordan has collaborated with activists and organizations such as National Geographic on ecological projects.

Jordan’s photography helps raise awareness of climate problems, although at this point I wonder how many people are unaware. Of course, more discussion is still more discussion, and helps. 

The work does not directly lead to a call to action – it’s not as direct as something like “Ice Watch,” by Olafur Eliasson, which arranges large blocks of arctic ice in a circle representing a clock. However it conveys a message in common with “Ice Watch;” the Earth is going through big problems due to humanity.

Chris Jordan’s photography does not have a large environmental cost – the impact of his camera, and perhaps plane travel (for his “Midway” series), isn’t radically different from an average American’s footprint. If you factor in its potential to “create and generate change,” Jordan’s photography has clearly achieved carbon negativity. (A positive thing)

The Wings That Were Crushed By Human Waste

The impact of our garbage on the environment cannot be overstated. It is clearly evident that it causes untold amounts of damage to the ecosystem by polluting the waters and choking the wildlife.

However, Chris Jordan’s “Midway: Message from the Gyre” makes it exceptionally clear that our current efforts are not enough. The image depicts the carcass of a bird that, while it was alive, consumed an incredible amount of garbage, and died due to the amount of waste in its system. It is a very emotionally-charged photograph. Seeing these poor birds who died because their ecosystem was so clogged up with trash that it killed them truly puts into focus how terrible the problem is.

The photograph is clearly intended to spark an emotional reaction. However, that is not its only purpose. It is a call for action to stop the root cause for this bird’s death; the exorbitant dumping of waste into the environment. The emotional weight of this picture pulls into the spotlight the ongoing discussions of how the environment’s problems can be remedied. Death is a very powerful motivator, and the fact that our garbage is directly causing the deaths of animals pulls us toward the conservation of nature, so that we may one day keep these birds alive and well.

This piece of art did not take much to make. As an article discussing the photo states, there were several birds who died in this exact manner. The photographer merely had to find one and take a quality photo of it. And the relatively little effort it took almost makes it seem even more of a tragedy, since that just means there are hundreds, if not thousands of birds who died the same terrible way. It creates a lot of change by presenting the reality of the situation. Little cost, great reward.

Sounds of a Melting Glacier


Katie Paterson’s sound of Vatnajokull Glacier melting draws attention to climate change through the accelerated melting of glaciers. It specifically points to the overall warming of cooler climates, impacting the systems life depends on. Glaciers specifically impact how erosion occurs, how water is release in large watersheds in late summer and store lots of water. The reduction in the amount of glacial area impacts the rising sea levels which are impacting low lying places throughout the world.

Paterson’s work encourages and brings attention to the severity and speed at which glaciers are melting, rather than aesthetic. Although the sound is satisfying to listen to, that sound may only become more pronounced as the climate continues to change at the rate it is. Using the work, the discussion of how to address the changing climate and rising sea levels as a result comes up as a result of the role glaciers play in the global freshwater system. The sounds of the melting glacier remind me of the glacier that is closest to me. The glacier on Mt. Hood is the smallest it has ever been (October 2020) and losing it would impact the local areas in many ways. Its loss can result in an economic impact for the people that use the glacier in the summer months as a livelihood, as Timberline is the only ski area in North America that is open year-round, drawing professional skiers, and others from around the globe, and in turn contributing to the local economy. Another result is that it would impact the local watershed negatively, impacting salmon and steelhead runs, which are also economic drivers in the area. The forest below the glacier, in the water shed it feeds would also be impacted by little water coming from the glacier in late summer, potentially contributing to more intense wildfires.

The work does not call for action, as partial melting is a normal process for glaciers in summer months, but the conversation surrounding the sound leads to a call for action. As for the materials required for the piece, it requires electronics, most likely produced in China and energy to keep it up on servers so people have access to it. The major environmental impacts are just the shipping for the microphone and getting it to Iceland and the glacier, so it is not zero by any means. However, it creates a conversation that is invaluable for changing perspectives and education about glaciers and the role they play in the earth’s ecosystem.

Beautiful Garbage

The specific art piece that I examined was “Sandstars”. This piece consisted of a myriad of man made artifacts off the coast of Mexico neatly arranged by color laid out in a rectangle on the floor. Some of these items included lightbulbs, bottles, driftwood, helmets, and toilet paper. This artwork clearly draws attention to the environmental issue of huge swaths of garbage floating around in the ocean. While this is not a unique statement, the way in which “Sandstars” demonstrates that is unique. I think we’ve all seen some variety of the ad that shows birds being choked by the plastic pieces that hold soda cans together and tell you to stop littering. That kind of message is very direct and makes you feel bad and guilty to see, but “Sandstars” doesn’t do that. The art piece is pleasant to look at and is disconnected from the adverse affects of these artifacts in the ocean. And they truly are artifacts; as opposed to random pieces of plastic the items in “Sandstars” are interesting. We already know that all the trash we dump in the ocean is bad, but “Sandstars” gives scale to that. It makes you ask, if there are this many intact lightbulbs, how many shattered and living inside sea creatures? or If there were this many interesting things, how many boring pieces of plastic are out there?

I don’t think this art piece lends itself toward a scientific approach. The objects and arrangement of them is very clearly aesthetic and they don’t communicate scientific findings or a hypothesis to be tested. We already know that there is a huge amount of trash in the ocean and this doesn’t objectively quantify that, but rather shows it to you in a very personal way. I also find it difficult to pinpoint exactly what the call to action is here. We are presented with an issue we know is an issue in an interesting and unique way, but there is no new solution offered, except possibly to simply go pick up trash off the beach. It seems that the piece does much more to make the viewer think about the issue. One of the ways I think this piece does that is with the toilet paper rolls. If viewed out on a beach instead of as part of this art piece, one might look over them completely. As was said in the video, they look like some sort of natural object, but upon closer inspection they are not. It’s clear the roll has been degraded, but in considering how much toilet paper we flush down the drain, it’s alarming.

One of the best things about “Sandstars” is that it does a great job in terms of environmental cost. Gabriel Orozco literally cleaned up a wildlife reserve to gather the materials for the art piece. Furthermore it seems fair to assume that a lot more was picked up than just the items used in the piece. The only possible environmental impact I can see from this is the fuel cost of shipping the items. This seems like it would be relatively small considering the small amount of objects.

surrounded by plastic: metaphorically and literally

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“The Labyrinth of Plastic Waste,” Photographed by Gustavo Sanabria

The “Labyrinth of Plastic Waste” created by Luzinterruptus is an interactive art piece in Barcelona. It raises awareness on the amount of plastic that’s consumed. The audience attempts to “escape” from a maze made with plastic waste. The plastic that’s used is also representative of the products being consumed, with the majority of them being plastic water bottles. When the first project was introduced in Poland (in 2014), the focus was on recycling. However, it’s now shifted to bring light upon how unsustainable human practices have become. Based on scientific evidence of the overconsumption of plastic, this piece allows humans to metaphorically “escape” from their unsustainable practices. Building on this metaphor, the “Labyrinth of Plastic Waste” physically shows how humans are surrounding themselves with literal trash and wastage— with little to no regard on the environmental consequences. By building this art piece from products used the most by people, it strikes a feeling of uneasiness in the audience and calls for a reflection of their relationship with the environment. This effort could be amplified by somehow bringing to attention how this overconsumption of plastic is harming the environment.

Although this piece highlights a detrimental issue concerning the climate crisis, no real solutions are provided. Overall, the costs of production do pay off. Although no alternatives to reduce these practices are given, it’s a first step into forcing individuals to think about their own harmful behaviors. Sometimes, that’s enough to get the ball rolling.

Lost in Waste

This piece of artwork is known as The Labyrinth of Plastic Waste. Located in Barcelona, this plastic complex is created out of local usages involving beverages, packaged items, and more. This piece of work looks to bring awareness to the overuse of plastic within our world and our local environments. These artists use products that are local to the area to create a greater discomfort for its visitors. Not only do they get to visualize the vast amount of plastics, but they can see how they contribute to the cause as well.

When it comes to the harmful effects of humans on the environment. Science is found everywhere. In this case, the maze of waste supports the scientific evidence that humans contribute to the well being of the environment. Especially, in terms of biodegradable materials. One needs to understand the science behind how plastic impacts the environment in order to work on making a change.

But that’s not to say that different individuals respond to the artwork in a different way. In fact, most people who view the artwork continue to use plastic waste on a consistent basis. Yet, when viewed in the right perspective, this artwork can be used as a tool. Not only are individuals able to see their impacts on the environment, but they are presented with a work of art that they can admire. It’s easier to admire art then it is to admire our impacts on the environment. As ironic as it may sound, people have the tendency to avoid the topic of plastic waste. So by combining art with a global crisis, it can give people more motivation to act.

Although this is displayed in a way that is a “call-to-action”. It’s overall real impacts may not reflect it’s motives. The artwork clearly states that plastic waste is a significant problem within our world, yet it is not displayed in a manner that will make individuals act based on guilt. Art in its own form can only display the problems, not provide solutions for it. Therefore, it would be difficult for one to act solely based on a common problem. 

The balance between making the artwork and presenting the artwork, is a topic in and of its own. For example, the artist uses local resources to produce their piece. However, the materials themselves are still negatively impacting the environment. Even though the materials are being recycled, they are still a source of harm that we have still yet to solve.

The Sculpture That is Never Finished

Host Analog
“Host Analog” created by Buster Simpson

Host Analog is an art installation next to the Portland Oregon Convention Center. It is comprised of 8 sections of an old, felled Douglass Fir tree that was found at the base of Mt. Hood (Wy’east Mountain) in the Bull Run watershed in 1990. When it was transported and put into this installation, the pieces of wood were “nurse logs” carrying various species of plants on them already. Since it’s installation in 1991, the log and the small plot around it has developed and grown into a mini-ecosystem consisting of the native plants introduced by the Douglass Fir logs and the plants that seeded themselves over time. 

The living sculpture draws attention to the changing climate and the human element in that change with the foundation of it being a felled tree. Overall, however, it brings awareness to the adaptiveness and the resilience of nature. While humans may over-extract resources and create irreplaceable damage to parts of the global ecosystem, this art piece optimistically shows the resilience of nature and its ability to adapt to a completely new and different environment. 

The installation is in both support of science and is based on science. It is literally a biological art piece that is a demonstration of the natural process of biological adaptation.

The piece is interesting because so much of its significance comes from its history. To an ordinary person just passing by, it appears to be nothing more than a plot with some landscaping. However, if one takes a closer look at the installation and to read the history of the sculpture, it takes on a whole new meaning and that information is the doorway to engaging in further discourse. One of the most interesting things to reflect on is how this is a piece of art that will never be finished because it will always grow and always change. 

Host Analog calls for action but the call is different from some other pleas made by environmental art. The sculpture calls for the reaching out of humans towards nature. It calls for connecting with and observing ecosystems so that we may learn about resilience from them. By observing the adaptiveness of nature there is a possibility we may learn tools that could help us on a global scale with our changing climate.

This art installation outweighs the resources it took to put it into place. Yes, the transportation of the Douglass Fir logs created some emissions which negatively impacted the environment. However, the production of oxygen and the intake of carbon dioxide for the 29 years its been installed and the social impact it has had and will continue to have is, in my perspective, worth it.