-Taking antibiotics for an infection of a certain bacteria can be beneficial in the sense that it kills the bacteria causing the affection but it’s effect on the rest of the microbial community could be detrimental. Antibiotics can kill many of the good bacteria that are present in the human gut and cause an imbalance of the microbiota. Many bacteria that help the immune system or metabolism could die and would then be detrimental to the health of an individual.
-probiotics are cultured bacteria that have been proven to be the healthy bacteria for the human gut and is an aid in restoring gut microbiota. Oral ingestion of probiotic products can help increase the amount of bacteria in the gut that people could possibly be lacking or showing levels below healthy and is beneficial to GI microbiota. Obese individuals tend to have an imbalance of microbes in their gut and there have been promising results of probiotics restoring this imbalance and helping people suffering from obesity lose weight.
Faecal microbial transplantation:
Faecal microbial transplantation is starting to become a more commonly used method for restoring gastric microbiota. This transplantation reintroduces a community of gastric microbes from a healthy donor to an individual with a gastric disease. This transplant has proven to be very effective in individuals infected with Clostridium difficile, showing disease remission in up to 92% of cases. Overall, FMT seems to be very beneficial for people who are struggling with microbial infection and have an imbalance of microbes.