Nov 15 2017

Writing Exercise #10

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When using a peer review article in a scientific paper, it is quite important to realize how it has become peer reviewed in the first place. The process is actually vigourous and take a lot of time and effort to be able to get a journal to publish the article. As an editor, you will have to come up with an article that captures everything you want to convey. From there the editor would choose a journal to send the article to, usually one that fits the topic of the paper or has connection to with a large audience. Once being screened by the reviewers of the journal, someone who is specifically trained on the topic and see what fits best for the journal, the article will either be rejected or accepted. For the most part, being accepted without revision is very rare and the article will usually be asked to be changed to fit the need of the journal. At this point, the author of the article will choose to give up on the journal or accept to change the his or her work to fit the need of the article and resubmit for further evaluation. Even then, there will be a repeated cycle of changes needed to be done on the article until the author gives up or has accepted that the article is good enough to themselves without too much change from their original idea to be submitted. This overall process is very strict and has a distinct route in which an article must pass before being acclaimed as a peer review article. Without this process, anyone can write something they think may fit the journal’s idea and claim that it is backed up with information and experiments. With other trained scientist supporting the ideas of the article, the editor can be reassured that their work is done right and that others may be at ease that the information is not made up or convey the wrong meaning.The perk of this all is that the article will be able to be endorse as an actual article that fits all vetting of the journal and may be used by others in their paper. Not only that, there is a large and wide range of audience for the article. It is a tedious job to go through all of this to get a paper published, but in the end, the article will be available for others to cite and be seen by many others to read and acknowledge.

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Nov 12 2017

Writing Exercise #9

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Hello everyone!

We often introduce new bacteria into our system when we change our daily actions. By doing so, we have change what type of microbiota we are introduce to. This also means that the opposite can happen and by changing certain behaviors, we can decrease the exposure rate. A few ways I thought of decreasing exposure involves being cleaning and isolating oneself. Being clean and washing your hands limits the amount of exposure to new microbes we might have contacted during the day. Something as simple as showering could clean off many microbial community and decrease exposure of microbe into the body. By also limiting the amount spent in crowded areas, we also inhibit the contraction of microbes. Another behavior we can change is by staying away from pollutants and busy city populations. With decreasing interaction between oneself and others, the chance of exposure is cut drastically. A final behavior I think might be beneficial in stopping microbial exposure is our diet. We shouldn’t be eating anything raw or dirty. From there, the diet should be healthy and included vitamin C to help boost the immune system in preventing microbial exposure. There are many small changes that we all can do in our daily lives to help lower the exposure to microbes.

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Nov 05 2017

Writing Exercise #8

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In this class, I was able to learn a lot more about the microbial world and how they are connected to us more than we think. I have taken microbiology last year and the concepts are pretty similar in how this class refers to the small connection that is between our symbiosis. It is not easy to figure out what exactly changes the relationship of the microbiota in our gut or other site of colony, but any disruption from equilibrium leads to negative effects. I was fascinated at how easily external factors can change these colonies of microbes like eating a high fat diet. Yet, there are simple ways to negate the effects and introduce antibiotics or probiotics in certain situations.

 

Many scenarios where we deal with a bacterial disease cause by dysbiosis, we are able to introduce antibiotics or probiotics in these certain situations. Our body is a working vessel harboring multiple subunits that works together in unison to create multiple functions. When faced with missing microbes from certain gut community, we are susceptible to facing terminally ill diseases. Our body will try to restore the microbiota to normal, but doing so may lead to further problems. One chain of events leads to more destruction and that is why we need to make sure that we keep our microbial community at a homeostasis. With the help of antibiotics and probiotics we allow for buffering of that equilibrium to prevent dysbiosis.

 

I see that, I am able to extrapolate my ideas well and provide a lot of context to go with my final paper. I do struggle with forming smooth sentences to convey my information and at times may try too hard to make it sound good. Looking ahead at the final paper, I will be taking my time to start it slowly everyday to come up with a lot of idea and write out my thoughts concisely so that there is no confusion. I will go over my essay with others and ask for as much feedback as I can. Hopefully going into this final paper, I may be able to create a well written paper that conveys everything I need to say in a smooth and easy sense.

 

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Nov 05 2017

Writing Exercise #7

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Hello everyone!

Today we will be talking about how some potential external factors could influence the colonization of microbial communities in a newborn baby. From the moment we are conceived and implanted to the uterus, we are connected to our mother and share the same introduction of microbes. There is a mutual relationship between the infant and the mother and when one of the two is affected, then the other one will experience the same thing. If the mother does drugs or drink alcohol, there will be a link between the microbes of that external factor to the infant. By doing drugs as a mother, you introduce toxic chemicals and bacterias that will colonize in the infant which leads to possible birth defects. This truly is saddening and goes true for mothers who drink alcohol during birth. By method of delivery, the microbes introduce to the infant will be different from either being the vaginal community or the dermal community of the stomach. There is possible positive introduction such as breastfeeding. With breastfeeding, the mother is introducing nutrient and good bacteria the mother has cultured in her body to give to her infant. We should keep the alpha and beta diversity groups in check so that all the bacteria remains in a balanced state. By allow more diversity or hindering it, we have dysbiosis and that leads to many of the problems we see in us and infants. Many outside factors can change how the newborn infant is after the introduction of those factors because the mother, infant, and microbial community are all in symbiosis and connected.

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Oct 29 2017

Writing Exercise #6

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Hi everyone!

Today I would like to describe my physical being while dealing with a bacterial disease and how the introduction of antibiotics provided positive change. Last year during the winter, I was dealing with a bacterial infection known as strep throat. It is a nasty bacteria that made its way into my throat causing inflammation; making it harder for me to swallow my food. I went to the doctors because my body felt very weak and eating or resting was hindered greatly which caused me to feel even worse. After being diagnosed with the bacterial infection, I knew that I would be prescribed antibiotics and that was exactly what I got. I was directed to take my medication every 6 hours for about a week. The infection I was dealing with involved bacteria and so the best way to deal with it was with antibiotics. In my case I was prescribed penicillin. I would never take antibiotics if this was the flu because that is a virus infection and introducing more microbes, causing dysbiosis would make it even worse. It is a good idea to take antibiotics only when it is for sure a bacterial disease and be sure to take it as soon as the infection begins. These antibiotics should be taken through a specific regimen to ensure the killing of the bacteria is thorough and to prevent antibiotic resistance from overuse of the medication. By taking a fair amount of antibiotics to control the proliferation of the bacteria cell, we can disrupt their cell wall and cause them to be suppressed. This strep throat infection has confirmed my philosophy that bacteria diseases should be handled with antibiotics and that in due time the body will be at homeostasis once again when the number of microbes is back to normal.

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Oct 25 2017

Writing Exercise #5

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Hello everyone!

In today’s blog, we will be discussing the value of the microbes in our diet and how they affect our gut’s microbiota. Our gut functions to process the food we eat, but we rely a lot on the different microbes in our gut to create such functions. Differences in the microbiota result in a possible cascade effect leading to inflammatory diseases. Those changes to the biome are unknown and many different external factors come into play to explain them. One way that is an obvious factor is our daily diet. There are a large variety of diets ranging from healthy, nutritional ones to unhealthy, fatty ones that sometimes result in obesity. Not only does eating a mostly saturated fat diet cause more build up of short fatty chains, but it also interferes with certain microbial groups by inhibiting their functions sometimes resulting in death. A lean and healthy diet prevents dysbiosis of the gut and maintains this buffering state that is out gut flora. I have always been a type of guy to limit myself with unhealthy foods and go for a clean and healthy diet. I try to keep up with my fruits and vegetables while also completing my daily nutrients. After this week’s lecture, I find myself very pleased to know that I am eating yogurt and other items with probiotics. Not to mention also eating dietary fibers (prebiotics) to help the aid and growth of the probiotics. This clean diet that I have is something I am proud up and will keep up for the benefits it provides. What a better feeling than to know that you are ingesting good bacteria such as probiotics to help maintain or stabilize the microbiota of the gut.

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Oct 22 2017

Writing Exercise #4

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Hello everyone,

In this week’s post, I’ll be posting a rhetorical precis of one of my sources in my midterm essay. I hope you get a short and compacted amount of information in the precis!

(1) Farin Kamangar is a PhD professor at Morgan State University expresses his thought in “Helicobacter pylori and its Effects on Human Health and Disease” (2011) explaining that the gram negative bacteria H. pylori has special features that allows them to inflame the GI tract and cause proliferation of cells (2) Farin goes into detail and shows supportive that the bacteria has special features that allows them to live in our stomach and cause a chain of reaction that leads to GI diseases (3) This paper is written so that Farin can go into details the symbiosis of H. pylori and that it may have a negative affect on us, even though they work with us. We have a connection with this bacteria more than we know and that we may be able to learn the specifics of this interaction and prevent it (4) The professor intended to write this for a scientific audience revolving around the focus of GI disease especially H. pylori and has presented great research and details of scientific knowledge he has to offer.

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Oct 15 2017

Writing Exercise #3

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Hello Everyone!

In today’s blog, we will be discussing about how subtle changes in our daily actions or lifestyle could change the composition of the microbial community in our gut. We are always in a symbiosis with these microbes, but we do not think much of them because they are so small and seem to work behind the scenes without us knowing. Yet, when we start changing ourselves and promoting different factors to our gut, we see a change in the composition in these communities. We are born with little bacterial in our gut, but without the new addition of these microbial, we would not be able to function properly. When we have a disruption in balance, these microbes act up and cause systematic changes ranging from obesity to various gut diseases. I think that there are alternatives on how we can reverse this outcome and prevent it from ever happening. What I have come up with is changing your diet, exercising more, and making sure you are staying warm or cool. All of these are viable ideas that I think could make a big difference in the microbial community in our gut. Eating unhealthy can be very detrimental since we might be taking in substances that could harm certain microbes. Whereas if we eat healthy and take protein, we could provide a natural environment for these microbes to recolonize. Exercising is an aspect that I see could benefit the biome in the gut. By exercising, one would be using many actions or processes that incorporate these microbes. If we do not use them, I feel they are not likely needed and would be removed or deactivated. Using them daily would create a better symbiosis between us and the biome and prevent negative effects. My final thought on how we can change our gut composition is by alternating our state of health. By being too cold or too hot, we open gateways for sickness and weakening of our immune system. The microbes would be more susceptible to attacks that could lead to microbial death or they would have to work harder to function which could cause damage. Staying healthy will be good for us and by not altering our normal state of being, we will not have to worry about dysbiosis or other factors that would cause these microbes to act against us in extreme ways.

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Oct 08 2017

Writing Exercise #2

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Hello everyone, today we will be discussing on the topic of making a new vaccine for Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1. This strain of HPV is what scientists and researchers should be investing their time into solving. We have a retrovirus associated with malignancy in humans. With T-cells carry this scary virus, it is hard to track whether or not these cells will cause cellular transformation by encoding potent oncogenes. There are so little people with this retrovirus yet, if we do not figure out a cure, when will we ever? I see it being very beneficial to take on rare viruses that is hard to study because of how difficult it is to get samples. We are often making vaccines for disease that are very common, but neglect to invest more research into finding cures to the rare diseases. This treatment will be delivered to patients at an early age, since this is when it occurs the most often. Treatment for this strain of HPV will be pricey base on the fact that it is so hard to isolate the rare virus. Only 5% of the infected will develop adult T-cell leukemia and so that is why it is important to invest money and resources to make sure this virus is contained. The route for cellular transformation is different and will encode for alternate oncogenes. With differentiation in the infection pathway, the tumor will show signs decades after being infected. This is why it is so hard for us to create a vaccine. I see only good things happening when we put more time and effort into making a cure for such a devastating virus. The money spent could lead us to understanding viruses more and allowing us to adapt to their nature. We could possibly even make more vaccines with this study!

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Oct 01 2017

Hello world!

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Welcome to my blog page!

This is my little cozy website where I will be posting blogs for my BHS 323 class. I hope you take your time to read my blogs and enjoy the content I have to share with you. Please feel free to let me know what you think or any input you have. Enjoy yourself and lets have fun!

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