The argument that humans are not meant to consume meat is an argument that is based on the perception that humans are separate from nature. A quote from the reading reads “Humanity’s high esteem for capacities believed to be unique to humans, such as rational thought, justify the superiority afforded to homo sapiens and define autonomy as freedom from nature.” This is the mentality of much of the human race, and it is the result of this mentality that animal agriculture exists in the form it does today. If humans think they are separate from nature, that they have a superiority above the rest of the nonhuman animals, they will not hesitate to control animals in order to provide food for themselves.
However, this is not reality, humans are animals like all the rest of the species on earth. Just because we have dominion over much of the earth doesn’t mean we have any responsibilities for it. Humans are unique in that they take species under their wing and “protect” them from harm (ex. Pets, cows in India) but they are not unique in their consumption of meat through killing other animal species. That is how the food chain works. Just because we are at the top of it does not mean we have to remove ourselves from it altogether.
If this is confusing, what I’m trying to say is that humans as a species are meant to kill other animals for food, but the animal agriculture of today is not the way to do it. Not only is it unethical to the societal norms of today, but it also violates the laws of nature. A single species should not be able to take control of its food sources in a way that does not allow any other animal to benefit from it. The food chain as a whole is balanced, the bird eats the worm, but the bird also gets eaten by something bigger. The world today is very unbalanced, with the overwhelming human population on one side of the scale and all the rest of the species on the other side. The main reasons for most environmental damage humans cause comes from unbalanced systems.
If there was some way for humans to bring balance back into the food chain without hurting our own species too much, that would be ideal, but for lack of a better solution, not eating meat is a good option. It would also lessen the amount greenhouse gas emissions, open up more land, and decrease the large, if not overwhelming, population of cows.